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Written by Jacky Chou

# Calculating A Date Five Days Before The First Business Day In Excel

## Key Takeaway:

• Calculating the first business day in Excel is essential for many financial and business calculations. The WORKDAY function is a reliable way to calculate the first business day based on a given date, weekend days, and holiday exclusions.
• Using the WEEKDAY function can help identify the day of the week for a given date, which is especially useful when calculating the first business day. When combined with the IF function, WEEKDAY can also identify and adjust for weekend days.
• To calculate a date five days before the first business day in Excel, you can use the DATE and WORKDAY functions together to first calculate the first business day and then subtract five days. Alternatively, you can use a custom formula combining IF, WEEKDAY, and DATE functions to calculate the first business day and then subtract five days.

Struggling to calculate a date five days before the first business day of the month? You’re not alone. This article provides an easy solution that will help you quickly determine the date you need in Excel.

## Calculating the First Business Day in Excel

Calculating the First Business Day in Excel involves identifying the first weekday excluding weekends and holidays. This calculation is useful in financial analysis for calculating due dates, allocation of funds and expenditure, and managing cash flow.

Here is a six-step guide to calculating the First Business Day in Excel:

1. Select the cell where you want to display the result.
2. Enter the date for which you want to calculate the First Business Day.
3. Use the formula `=WORKDAY(A1,-1)` where A1 is the cell containing the date you entered in step two.
4. Select the cell containing the formula.
5. Go to ‘Format Cells’ and select ‘Date’ under ‘Category’.
6. Choose a preferred date format under ‘Type’ and click ‘OK.’

It is important to note that holidays can impact the calculation of the First Business Day. In Excel, you can use the WORKDAY.INTL function to account for holidays and customize the weekends.

A Pro Tip for calculating the First Business Day in Excel is to use conditional formatting to highlight the First Business Day in a different color for better visibility and organization.

Calculating a Geometric Standard Deviation in Excel is another essential calculation in financial analysis to measure the variability of data.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Duncun

## Calculating a Date Five Days before the First Business Day

Calculating a Date Five Days before the First Business Day can be done in Excel easily using a formula. The resultant date will help in planning and organizing work in advance. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

1. First, select a cell where you want to display the date.
2. Enter the formula ‘`=WORKDAY.INTL(A1-7,1,”1111100”)`’ in the formula bar and press enter.
3. This formula will subtract 7 from the cell A1, which is the first business day of the month, and then the ‘WORKDAY.INTL’ function will calculate the date five days before the first business day.
4. The ‘WORKDAY.INTL’ function takes two arguments; the first is the start date (A1), and the second is the number of days before the start date.
5. The “1111100” parameter in the formula refers to the standard work week, where Saturday and Sunday are weekends, and the other days are weekdays.
6. The formula will return the date in a date format, and you can format it as per your requirement.

It is important to note that this formula will only work if the first business day is after the weekend. If the first business day falls on a weekend, you need to adjust the formula accordingly.

Calculating a Geometric Standard Deviation in Excel is another complex formula that can help in analyzing data. By using appropriate formulas in Excel, you can save time and increase productivity.

To ensure on-time completion of tasks, utilizing Excel functions can make tasks simpler. Converse with an Excel expert to learn and get more insights into related functions.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Adam Arnold

## Some Facts About Calculating a Date Five Days before the First Business Day in Excel:

• ✅ To calculate a date five days before the first business day in excel, you can use the WORKDAY function with a negative 6-day argument. (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ The first argument in the WORKDAY function should be the last day of the previous month, and the second argument should be the number of workdays you want to subtract. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ If the first day of the month is a business day, then the result will be the last business day of the previous month. (Source: Exceljet)
• ✅ Excel considers weekends (Saturday and Sunday) as non-workdays by default, but you can customize the WORKDAY function to exclude other holidays as well. (Source: Excel Tips)
• ✅ It’s recommended to use the NETWORKDAYS function to calculate the number of workdays between two dates, which can then be used as an argument for the WORKDAY function. (Source: Excel Easy)

## FAQs about Calculating A Date Five Days Before The First Business Day In Excel

### What is the formula for calculating a date five days before the first business day in Excel?

The formula to calculate a date five days before the first business day in Excel is =WORKDAY(DATE(YEAR(TODAY()),MONTH(TODAY()),1),-6).

### What does the Workday function do in Excel?

The Workday function in Excel calculates the end date after a specified number of workdays from a given start date.

### What is the significance of the number -6 in the formula for calculating a date five days before the first business day?

The number -6 in the formula for calculating a date five days before the first business day accounts for the fact that the first business day is considered as one workday.

### Can the formula for calculating a date five days before the first business day be customized for a specific month or year?

Yes, the formula can be customized for a specific month or year by simply changing the DATE(YEAR(TODAY()),MONTH(TODAY()),1) part of the formula to the desired date.

### What happens if the resulting date falls on a weekend or holiday?

If the resulting date falls on a weekend or holiday, the formula automatically adjusts the date to the next business day.

### Can the formula for calculating a date five days before the first business day be used in Google Sheets or other spreadsheet applications?

Yes, the formula can be used in Google Sheets and other spreadsheet applications that support the Workday function.

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