# Extracting A State And A Zip Code In Excel

by Jacky Chou
Updated on

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## Key Takeaway:

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• Extracting a state and a ZIP code in Excel can be done using simple formulas such as MID and LEFT.
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• Creating a state lookup table can help in accurately extracting states from addresses using the MID formula.
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• The LEFT formula can be used to accurately extract the ZIP code from an address.

Need an easy and efficient way to quickly extract a state and ZIP code from a list of addresses in Excel? You’re in the right place! Here’s how to quickly find the information you need.

## Overview of the Problem

Text: Extracting State and ZIP Codes from Excel Data

Extracting state and ZIP codes from a large dataset in Excel can be a daunting task, especially if the data is unstructured. However, with the right tools and techniques, this task can be completed efficiently. The process involves using functions and formulas that can extract relevant information and eliminate unnecessary data.

One approach is to use the LEFT, MID, and RIGHT functions to extract the state code and ZIP code from the address field. Another method is to use regular expressions to identify patterns in the data and extract the state and ZIP code.

It is important to validate the data and ensure that the extracted information is accurate before proceeding with further analysis and processing.

To avoid missing out on important information and insights that the data can provide, it is crucial to have a systematic and efficient approach to extracting state and ZIP codes from Excel data. With the right techniques, this task can be accomplished easily, saving time and effort.

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## Using MID for State Extraction

To extract the state from an address in Excel, the MID function can be used. This function allows for the extraction of a specific number of characters from a string, using the starting position as a reference point. By specifying the appropriate starting position and the length of the state abbreviation, the state can be extracted from the address data.

123 Main St, New York, NY
789 Maple Ave, Boston, MA

Using MID, the state abbreviation can be extracted from the address data by starting at a position after the second comma and extending for two characters. This will retrieve the two-letter state abbreviation, such as NY or MA, depending on the address.

The MID function can also be used to extract the ZIP code from an address in Excel. The starting position for the ZIP code can be calculated by finding the position of the second-to-last comma in the address, as the ZIP code typically appears after this comma. Once the starting position is determined, the appropriate length of the ZIP code, typically 5 or 9 characters, can be used in the MID function to extract the ZIP code from the address data.

It is important to note that the accuracy of these extractions depends on the consistency of the address format across the dataset.

According to an article by Excel Easy, the MID function can also be used to extract e-mail addresses from hyperlinks in Excel by specifying the position of the @ symbol within the link and the length of the e-mail address.

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## Using LEFT for ZIP Code Extraction

Using the LEFT Function for ZIP Code Retrieval

To quickly extract the ZIP code from an address in Excel, one can utilize the LEFT function.

Here is a simple 4-step guide to using the LEFT function for ZIP code extraction:

1. Open the Excel sheet with the address field and create a new adjacent column.
2. In the new column, type the formula =LEFT(cell reference, number of characters). For example, if the address is in cell A2, the new formula in the adjacent cell would be =LEFT(A2, 5).
3. Press enter and the function will automatically extract the first five characters, which should be the ZIP code.
4. Drag the formula down to apply it to all addresses in the column.

It is important to note that the number of characters to extract may vary depending on the format of the address. Additionally, if multiple addresses are listed within one cell, the function may not work.

In contrast to using the LEFT function for ZIP code extraction, utilizing the RIGHT function can retrieve the state abbreviation. However, using one formula for both retrieval tasks may not be feasible due to the different character counts.

To further enhance the efficiency of address extraction in Excel, it is recommended to use the Flash Fill function. Simply type the extracted data in a separate column or row, such as state or ZIP code, and then use Flash Fill to automatically populate the entered data for all cells in the column or row. This saves time and prevents the risk of manually typing errors.

By incorporating these Excel functions, address retrieval can be made quicker and more accurate. The same technique can also be applied to extracting email addresses from hyperlinks in Excel.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by David Woodhock

## Combining MID and LEFT for Complete Address Extraction

Combining the MID and LEFT Functions for Complete Address Extraction

To accurately extract complete addresses from a dataset in Excel, combining the MID and LEFT functions can be effective.

Here is a simple 3-step guide to extract a state and a ZIP code using the MID and LEFT functions:

1. Determine the starting point for the state abbreviation in the address cell by using the FIND function and entering a space, followed by TWO spaces, and then a comma. This will return the character position of the space before the state abbreviation.
2. Retrieve the two-letter state abbreviation using the MID function starting from the character position determined in Step 1. The formula would be in the format: `=MID(Cell,Starting Character Position,Number of Characters)`.
3. Use the LEFT function to extract the ZIP code from the right end of the address cell. The formula would be: `=LEFT(Cell, 5)`.

Some unique details to note when using this method include being aware of variable Zip Code formats and the presence of cities or towns with names that incorporate two words.

To make this method more effective, consider using Regular Expressions to parse addresses. Regular Expressions can look for patterns in the address and extract the data more reliably.

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## Some Facts About Extracting a State and a ZIP Code in Excel:

• ✅ Extracting a state and a ZIP code in Excel requires the use of functions such as LEFT, RIGHT, and MID. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The state and ZIP code can be extracted separately or together using formulas in Excel. (Source: Ablebits)
• ✅ To extract the state from an address, you can use a formula that looks for a comma followed by a space. (Source: Spreadsheet Planet)
• ✅ To extract the ZIP code from an address, you can use a formula that looks for a space followed by a hyphen. (Source: Spreadsheet Planet)
• ✅ In Excel, you can also use the Data Validation feature to ensure that the ZIP code entered is a valid one. (Source: Excel Easy)

## FAQs about Extracting A State And A Zip Code In Excel

### How can I extract a state from an address in Excel?

To extract a state from an address in Excel, you can use the LEFT and FIND functions. For example, if the address is in cell A1, use the formula =LEFT(A1,FIND(“,”,A1)-1) to extract the state abbreviation (assuming the state follows the city and is separated by a comma).

### Can I extract a full state name instead of the abbreviation?

Yes, you can use a VLOOKUP function to convert the state abbreviation to its full name. Create a separate table that lists the state abbreviations and their corresponding full names. Then, use the VLOOKUP function in Excel to retrieve the full name based on the extracted abbreviation.

### How do I extract a ZIP code from an address in Excel?

To extract a ZIP code from an address in Excel, you can use the RIGHT function. For example, if the address is in cell A1, use the formula =RIGHT(A1,5) to extract the last 5 digits of the address, which should be the ZIP code.

### What if the ZIP code includes a hyphen and an extra 4 digits?

If the ZIP code includes a hyphen and an extra 4 digits, use the MID function in conjunction with the RIGHT function. For example, if the address is in cell A1 and the ZIP code follows a hyphen, use the formula =MID(RIGHT(A1,10),2,5) to extract only the 5-digit ZIP code.

### How can I extract both the state and ZIP code at the same time?

To extract both the state and ZIP code at the same time, use a combination of the formulas mentioned above. For example, if the address is in cell A1, use the formula =LEFT(A1,FIND(“,”,A1)-1)&”, “&RIGHT(A1,5) to extract the state abbreviation and ZIP code in the same cell with a comma and space between them.

### Is there a faster way to extract states and ZIP codes in Excel?

Yes, you can use a third-party Excel add-in or plugin to automate the process of extracting states and ZIP codes from addresses. One such plugin is the DataNumen Excel Repair tool, which includes a feature for extracting states and ZIP codes. However, this option may require a purchase or subscription.

Auther name

Jacky Chou is an electrical engineer turned marketer. He is the founder of IndexsyFar & AwayLaurel & Wolf, a couple of FBA businesses, and about 40 affiliate sites. He is a proud native of Vancouver, BC, who has been featured on Entrepreneur.comForbesOberlo, and GoDaddy.