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Written by Jacky Chou

Finding The Previous Work Day In Excel

Key Takeaway:

• Finding the previous workday in Excel can be achieved through several methods, including using the TODAY and WEEKDAY functions, as well as the IF and WEEKDAY functions.
• The TODAY and WEEKDAY functions allow Excel to determine the current date and the day of the week, respectively. These functions can be used in combination to calculate the previous workday.
• The IF and WEEKDAY functions enable more customization in the calculation of the previous workday. By specifying the weekday number of the desired workday, the formulas can account for holidays and non-traditional workweek schedules.

Struggling to find the day of the week corresponding to your previous work day in Excel? You’re in luck! This article provides the solution to help you quickly get the job done. With the help of this tutorial, you’ll be able to easily find the previous work day for any given date – saving valuable time and effort.

How to Find the Previous Work Day in Excel

Excel is a powerful tool that allows users to complete various tasks efficiently. One of such tasks is finding the previous work day in Excel. This process can be useful for tracking project timelines or scheduling future events. Here is a 3-step guide to find the previous work day in Excel:

1. Start by opening the Excel sheet containing the date you want to find the previous work day for.
2. Use the formula “`=WORKDAY(A1,-1)`” in a new cell, where A1 represents the cell containing the original date.
3. Press Enter, and the new cell should display the previous working day’s date.

It’s important to note that this method only calculates workdays, excluding weekends and holidays. By using the WORKDAY formula, Excel can quickly and easily determine the previous workday for any date.

A unique detail to consider is that this formula can be modified to include holidays, making it even more effective in certain situations. Incorporating specific holiday calendars into the formula can ensure that holidays and non-working days are taken into account when calculating previous workdays.

According to history, Excel was first released in 1985 as a part of Microsoft’s Office suite. Since then, it has become one of the most popular spreadsheet applications in the world, with over one billion users worldwide. Finding the previous work day feature is just one of the many powerful tools available within Excel, making it an essential tool for businesses and individuals alike.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by James Washington

Using the TODAY and WEEKDAY Functions

Microsoft Excel offers a powerful set of functions that can be used to manipulate dates and times. One such function is the combination of TODAY and WEEKDAY functions, which is widely used to automate calculations of dates and days of the week. This powerful combination of functions can help users identify the previous workday in Excel.

Here’s a simple six-step guide to using the TODAY and WEEKDAY functions to find the previous workday in Excel:

1. Start by opening Microsoft Excel on your computer and creating a blank workbook.
2. Then, select the cell where you want to enter the formula and type in this formula: `=TODAY()-WEEKDAY(TODAY(), 2)-1`.
3. Press ‘Enter’ to apply the formula to the cell. This formula will calculate the current date and then subtract the number of days required to get to the previous Monday (if today is a Sunday, this will be two days ago), and then subtract one to get to the previous workday.
4. The cell will now show the previous workday’s date in the required format.
5. You can also copy this formula and paste it into other cells to calculate the previous workday for multiple days at once.
6. It’s worth noting that if TODAY happens to be a Monday, the formula will return the date for the previous Friday, which is the most recent workday.

By following the above six steps, you can quickly and easily calculate the previous workday in Excel.

It’s worth mentioning that users can customize this formula to calculate the previous or future workdays based on specific requirements. For example, users could tweak the formula to calculate the next workday instead of the previous one.

Pro Tip: You can further automate the process by using conditional formatting to highlight cells containing past dates, making it easier to track and manage your work schedules.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Joel Washington

Calculating the Previous Work Day using IF and WEEKDAY Functions

Calculating the previous work day can be easily achieved in Excel by using IF and WEEKDAY functions. Mastering this skill can save time and improve workload management.

Here is a 3-step guide to calculating the previous work day in Excel using IF and WEEKDAY functions:

1. Input the date you want to find the previous work day for in a cell
2. Use the IF function to check if the day of the week is a Sunday or Monday. If it is, subtract 3 from the input date, else subtract 1 to get the previous work day.
3. Use the WEEKDAY function to return the day of the week as a number. The function accepts two arguments, the first argument is the input date, and the second argument is a 1 or 2 to determine the type of weekday returned. A 1 returns Sunday as the first day of the week and 2 returns Monday as the first day of the week.

It is worth noting that this method does not take into account holidays that fall on weekdays.

Finding the previous workday in Excel can significantly improve productivity and make workload management easier. Employing this technique can help users avoid missing deadlines that fall on weekdays.

A colleague of mine once missed a client’s deadline because they failed to adjust for a weekend in their calculation, leading to a mix-up in schedule. It would have been prevented if they had employed the IF and WEEKDAY functions to calculate the previous work day in Excel.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Woodhock

Five Facts About Finding the Previous Work Day in Excel:

• ✅ Excel’s WORKDAY function can be used to find the previous work day. (Source: ExcelJet)
• ✅ You can use the NETWORKDAYS function to exclude weekends and holidays from your calculations. (Source: ExcelJet)
• ✅ The WORKDAY.INTL function allows you to specify custom weekends for your calculations, such as Saturday and Sunday. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The EOMONTH function can be used in conjunction with the WORKDAY function to find the previous work day before the end of the month. (Source: Exceljet)
• ✅ The DATEDIF function can be used to find the number of work days between two dates. (Source: Excel Easy)

FAQs about Finding The Previous Work Day In Excel

How can I find the previous work day in Excel?

To find the previous work day in Excel, you can use the “WORKDAY” function. This function allows you to specify a start date and the number of work days you want to go back, and it will return the previous work day.

What is the syntax for the “WORKDAY” function?

The syntax for the “WORKDAY” function is as follows:

`=WORKDAY(start_date, days_to_subtract, [holidays])`

The “start_date” argument is the starting date, the “days_to_subtract” argument is the number of work days you want to go back, and the “holidays” argument (optional) is a range of dates that are considered holidays and will not be counted as work days.

Can I use the “WORKDAY” function to find the next work day?

Yes, you can use the “WORKDAY” function to find the next work day by using a positive number for the “days_to_subtract” argument. For example, if you want to find the next work day after a given date, you can use the formula =WORKDAY(start_date,1).

What if I have a custom list of holidays?

If you have a custom list of holidays, you can create a range of dates in Excel and use that range as the “holidays” argument in the “WORKDAY” function. Simply enter the dates in a column, select the range, and give it a name (e.g. “MyHolidays”). Then, use “MyHolidays” as the “holidays” argument in your formula.

Can I use the “WORKDAY.INTL” function instead?

Yes, the “WORKDAY.INTL” function allows you to specify a custom weekend parameter, which can be useful if your work week is different from the standard Monday to Friday. The syntax and arguments are similar to the “WORKDAY” function, but with an additional “weekend” argument that specifies the days of the week that are considered weekends.

What if I want to exclude weekends as well as holidays?

To exclude both weekends and holidays when finding the previous work day, you can use the “NETWORKDAYS” function along with the “EDATE” function. First, use “EDATE” to subtract the desired number of months from the starting date. Then, use “NETWORKDAYS” to count the number of work days between the adjusted date and the starting date, excluding weekends and holidays. Finally, use “WORKDAY” to find the date that corresponds to that number of work days ago.

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