# How To Calculate Percentages In Excel

by Jacky Chou
Updated on

## Key Takeaway:

• Excel offers several methods for calculating percentages, including basic percentage calculations, using formulas to calculate percentage increase or decrease and percentage of total, and formatting percentage values.
• The basic percentage calculation function in Excel involves dividing the part by the whole, multiplying by 100, and adding the percent symbol. Alternatively, you can use the built-in percentage formatting function in the Home tab of the ribbon menu.
• When calculating percentage increase or decrease, use the formula (new value – old value) / old value * 100. To calculate a percentage of total, divide the part by the whole and multiply by 100, or use the SUM function in combination with the COUNT or COUNTIF function.

Do you want to ensure accuracy when calculating percentages in Excel? Follow the steps outlined in this article to make calculating percentages in Excel a breeze! You can simplify calculations and save time.

## Basic Percentage Calculation

Mastering percent calculation in Excel is easy! Learn about the Percentage of Total and Percent Change sub-sections. This info will help you interpret data. Plus, it’ll make calculations more efficient. Get insightful results with ease!

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### Percentage of Total

Calculating the Proportional Percentage of an Aggregate

Creating a table to calculate proportional percentages of an aggregate helps manage data efficiently. Consider 10 random numbers in column A and using the formula “=A1/SUM(A:A)” in column B, find the percentage of each number as compared to the whole. Column C should then show the cumulative percentage calculated simply by adding up each row’s percentage.

Pro Tip:

To easily format these percent values into legible amounts, select column B and change formatting to “Percentage”.

Don’t worry, calculating percent change is just like watching your ex’s social media followers drop after a breakup.

### Percent Change

The measure of change in percentage value between two numbers is known as Percentage Change. To calculate it, deduct the initial value from the final value, divide this result by the absolute value of the starting number, and then multiply by 100. This will give you a percentage change.

When observing organics business growth from one quarter to another we must calculate the Percentage Change. We can use this calculation – (new quarterly revenue – old quarterly revenue) / old quarterly revenue x 100 = percentage change – to determine if there was an increase or decrease in revenues.

Additionally, it is important to note that Percentage Change can be calculated for any numerical data sets such as income growth, population growth, and more.

A reliable source confirms that Percentage Change calculations are highly used in financial analysis and forecasting reports by professionals like accountants, financial analysts and investors alike.

Forget basic math, with Excel formulas you can calculate percentages faster than a calculator with a caffeine addiction.

## Using Formulas to Calculate Percentages

Excel can calculate percentages using formulas! Learn how to use the percentage increase/decrease formula and the percentage of total formula. With these two, you’ll be able to work out percentage changes, growth rates, and how much of the total is in your data.

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### Percentage Increase or Decrease Formula

Calculating percentage increase or decrease is an essential part of data analysis. It involves finding the difference between two values and dividing that number by the original value to get a percentage change. This can be done using a formula, where the new value is subtracted from the old value, divided by the old value, and then multiplied by 100 to convert it into a percentage.

To calculate percentage increase or decrease in Excel, use the formula: `[(new value-old value)/old value] x 100`. The result will be positive if there is an increase and negative if there is a decrease. Ensure that the cell format for displaying the answer as a percentage is selected before typing in this formula.

One crucial thing to note while applying formulas in Excel is keeping track of signs and making sure they align with what you intend to display correctly. Additionally, it’s best to underline validity checks on the output.

Suppose you’re analyzing stock data for trading information systems; verifying these calculations helps with making buying/selling decisions based on past trends accurately.

Calculating percentages is like a game of Tetris – just keep fitting the pieces together until you reach 100% with the Percentage of Total formula.

### Percentage of Total Formula

To compute the proportion of a total value, one can use the Formula for Percentage of Total. This formula aids in computing the share of each item in relation to the whole.

Below is an example Table illustrating how to calculate Percentage of Total Formula:

ItemValuePercentage of Total
Item 1100
Item 2150
Item 350
Total300

Details like rounding off decimal values, cell reference usage, and use of dollar signs can assist with computing errors.

By using this formula, one can evaluate the contribution of every item in relation to the total. Furthermore, it aids in recognizing items that have a higher or lower overall contribution. Using absolute and relative cell references will aid in making edits faster without redoing calculations.

User can utilize Format Cells command to alter percentage values’ appearance according to preference.
Formatting percentage values is like putting on a suit and tie for your data, it just makes everything look more professional.

## Formatting Percentage Values

To format Percentage Values like a pro in Excel, first select the data cells you want to format as percentages. Then, go to the ‘Number’ dropdown menu and click on ‘Percentage’ option. You can further customize the display by using various formatting options like decimal places or adding a symbol like “%” to the end.

When working with percentage values, it is important to keep in mind that Excel stores percentages as decimal numbers. Therefore, always double-check the decimal places to avoid errors. You can also use the ‘Increase Decimal’ or ‘Decrease Decimal’ buttons to adjust the decimal places.

A common mistake while formatting percentages in Excel is not applying the formatting to the entire cell range. This may cause inconsistency in the display of percentage values. To avoid this, always apply the formatting to the whole cell range.

Legend has it that the concept of percentages originated from the ancient Egyptians who used the symbol of a loaf of bread divided into parts to represent fractions. Later, the symbol evolved to a dot enclosed in a circle, which became the basis for the modern-day percentage sign %. In Excel, you can use percentage values for a wide range of calculations, from calculating discounts to tracking business growth.

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## Tips and Tricks

Excel calculations? The Tips and Tricks section, titled ‘How to Calculate Percentages in Excel‘ has got you covered! Copy Formulas & Use Absolute Cell References. Get your calculations right & save time!

Image credits: chouprojects.com by James Woodhock

### Copying Formulas

When it comes to handling numbers on Excel, ‘replicating formulae’ can provide a great deal of ease and efficiency.

Follow the given 4-step guide to copy formulas using a few simple keyboard shortcuts:

1. Select the cell containing the formula you want to replicate.
2. Hover your cursor over the solid square located at the bottom right-hand corner of that selected cell.
3. Click and hold on the square box and drag it down or across through as many cells as required.
4. Release your mouse button, and all other cells will have now duplicated the exact same formula automatically.

In addition to remembering these steps, ensure that you double-check all replicated values just in case any mistakes might slip through unnoticed.

Stay ahead of your game by mastering this useful technique with efficient practice today!

Make your Excel formulas rock solid by using absolute cell references, because nobody likes a formula that runs away with the wrong variables.

### Using Absolute Cell References

When working on spreadsheets in Excel, absolute cell references can come in handy by allowing you to lock cells so that when adjusting formulas, those specific cells are always considered. Here is a 5-Step Guide to using Absolute Cell References:

1. When selecting a cell or range of cells, add the “\$” symbol before the column letter and/or row number for the specific cell(s) you want to lock.
2. Ensure that the formula bar shows the absolute reference by pressing “F4” or manually adding “\$” before the column letter/row number
3. Copy and paste the formula as required, knowing those absolute cells will always stay locked.
4. If copying a formula containing absolute references to another sheet within the workbook or even a different workbook, ensure that it still works correctly post-copy.
5. If adding/removing rows/columns, check if it has affected any formulas containing absolute references.

It is essential to keep in mind; whilst Absolute Cell References are useful, overuse can make them hard to maintain. Therefore use them sparingly and plan out which values should be locked beforehand.

It could be frustrating having broken formulas when needing something urgent. Therefore, mastering how to use Absolute Cell References saves time and minimizes errors. Start using this great feature now!

## Five Facts About How to Calculate Percentages in Excel:

• ✅ Excel provides a variety of formulas for calculating percentages, including the simple percentage formula, percentage change formula, and percentage of total formula. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ To calculate percentages in Excel, you need to know the values of the numerator and denominator and use appropriate formulas or functions. (Source: Business News Daily)
• ✅ Excel also offers built-in tools like the PivotTable and conditional formatting to analyze and visualize percentages. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ You can use the Percent Style button in Excel to display percentages in a more user-friendly format. (Source: Techwalla)
• ✅ Learning how to calculate percentages in Excel can be very useful for a variety of purposes, including business analysis, budgeting, and data analysis. (Source: Udemy)

## FAQs about How To Calculate Percentages In Excel

### How to Calculate Percentages in Excel?

To calculate percentages in Excel, follow the steps below:

1. Select the cell where you want the percentage to appear.
2. Type “=” followed by the formula for calculating percentages (e.g., =A1/B1*100).
3. Press Enter to see the result.

### Can I Use Excel to Calculate Percentages of a Range of Numbers?

Yes. To calculate the percentage of a range of numbers in Excel:

1. Select the cell where you want the percentage to appear.
2. Type “=” followed by the formula for calculating percentages (e.g., =SUM(A1:A5)/SUM(B1:B5)*100).
3. Press Enter to see the result.

### Is It Possible to Calculate Percentages Based on Conditional Formatting?

Yes. To calculate percentages based on conditional formatting in Excel:

1. Create a conditional formatting rule for the range of cells you want to calculate percentages for.
2. Select the cell where you want the percentage to appear.
3. Type “=” followed by the formula for calculating percentages using the COUNTIF function (e.g., =COUNTIF(A1:A5,”=”&condition)/COUNT(A1:A5)*100).
4. Press Enter to see the result.

### How Can I Calculate Percentages in Excel for Data with Negative Values?

To calculate percentages in Excel for data with negative values:

1. Select the cell where you want the percentage to appear.
2. Type “=” followed by the formula for calculating percentages using the ABS function (e.g., =ABS(A1)/SUM(A1:A5)*100).
3. Press Enter to see the result.

### Is there a Shortcut to Calculate Percentages in Excel?

Yes. To calculate percentages quickly in Excel, you can use the “%” button:

1. Select the cell containing the number you want to convert to a percentage.
2. Press the “%” button on the home ribbon.
3. The percentage will automatically appear in the cell.

### Can I Use Excel to Calculate Percentages of Two Different Values?

Yes. To calculate percentages for two different values in Excel:

1. Select the cell where you want the percentage to appear.
2. Type “=” followed by the formula for calculating percentages using the SUM function (e.g., =(A1+B1)/(C1+D1)*100).
3. Press Enter to see the result.

Auther name

Jacky Chou is an electrical engineer turned marketer. He is the founder of IndexsyFar & AwayLaurel & Wolf, a couple of FBA businesses, and about 40 affiliate sites. He is a proud native of Vancouver, BC, who has been featured on Entrepreneur.comForbesOberlo, and GoDaddy.