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Written by Jacky Chou

# Month: Excel Formulae Explained

## Key Takeaway:

• The Excel MONTH function extracts the month value from a given date, allowing for easier data analysis and organization.
• The syntax and arguments of the MONTH function are simple, and can be modified to fit different data sets and needs.
• Excel users can troubleshoot common errors and increase their efficiency by incorporating the MONTH function in their data management practices.

Struggling to understand how to use Excel formulae? You’re not alone. This post takes a closer look at how to efficiently use these formulae to simplify repetitive tasks and save time. So, take a deep breath and let’s dive into the world of Excel!

## Syntax and arguments of MONTH function

The MONTH function in Excel is used to extract a month number from a given date. Its syntax involves typing “MONTH” followed by an open parenthesis, then the cell reference or date value from which you want to extract the month number, and finally closing the parenthesis. The resulting value represents the month number, ranging from 1 (January) to 12 (December).

Below is a table demonstrating the syntax and arguments of the MONTH function:

Syntax and Arguments of MONTH functionExample
MONTH(serial_number)=MONTH(“1/1/2022”)
serial_number: Required. The date from which to extract the month number.=MONTH(A2)

Unique details to note is that the serial_number argument must be either a valid Excel serial number, a date formatted as text, or a reference to a cell containing a valid serial number or date formatted as text. Additionally, Excel will automatically convert any text-formatted date to a serial number if it recognizes the date format.

In a similar tone, I recall using the MONTH function while working on a financial report. My colleague had mistakenly entered dates in various formats, making it difficult to calculate monthly expenses accurately. However, by using the MONTH function, I was able to extract the month number from each date and group them based on their respective months. This quick solution saved me from a time-consuming manual task.

## Examples of using MONTH function

For the best results when using the MONTH function, you must learn how to extract the month from a date or determine the month of a particular date. These sub-sections will provide you the answers. These tips will help you gain the most from the MONTH function, no matter what your data looks like.

### Extracting the month from a date

To isolate the month from a given date, the process of extracting is performed. The Excel function to execute this task is known as ‘MONTH.’ This function returns the sequential number representing the month in a date.

Here’s a quick 3-step guide for extracting the month from a date, using Excel’s MONTH function:

1. Select an empty cell in your Excel worksheet where you want to retrieve the value of the month.
2. Type ‘MONTH‘ followed by an open bracket ‘(‘.
3. Enter or select your desired cell reference that contains your original date and then close your expression with a closing bracket ‘)’.

It’s essential to note that months are numbered from 1 to 12, corresponding to January through December. Furthermore, if you enter any invalid dates or text values instead of an actual date within your MONTH formula, then it will lead to #VALUE error.

Ensure that you know how to extract the month from a given date using Excel formulae as overlooking this fundamental skill can be limiting while working with dates and analyzing trends.

To perfect your proficiency at dealing with excel and optimizing for maximum productivity, start by practicing these simple techniques!

Why ask someone what month it is when Excel can do the calendar math for you?

### Finding the month of a given date

When it comes to determining the month of a given date in Excel, there are multiple ways you can achieve this using various formulae. Here’s how you can do it using the MONTH function.

1. Select a cell where you would like to display the month corresponding to a particular date
2. Enter `'=MONTH('` into the formula bar, followed by selecting the cell which contains your targeted date.
3. If you want to enter a date manually rather than selecting it from another cell, enter `=MONTH(DATE(YEAR, MONTH, DAY))`. Replace YEAR/MONTH/DAY with the appropriate values for your selected date. For example: `=Month(Date(2019,8,2))` would give output as 8.
4. Once done selecting/entering your date information, finish off the formula by adding a closing bracket `)` at the end and press Enter.
5. The selected cell will now display just the month of the selected date!
6. You may also format this number as text to show it as a month name instead of just number value. To do this, you can select the formatted cells and right-click on them. From here select “Format Cells” -> “Number” tab -> Select Category “Custom”. In `"Type"`, enter `"MMMM"` in quotes and click OK to see month names in text format.

Remember that this method works best when dealing with dates located within one worksheet. Be sure to double-check that all dates are entered correctly before proceeding with these steps.

It’s important not only to accurately track your data but also be able to understand it quickly without confusion. Keep in mind that these formulas can vary depending on your specific requirement. Now use these formulas efficiently in Excel sheets and make quick calculations easily!

Why stress over common MONTH function errors when you can just blame Mercury retrograde?

## Common errors and troubleshooting while using MONTH function

The MONTH function in Excel can sometimes encounter errors that require troubleshooting to fix. Here are some tips to help you overcome these issues:

• Dates in the wrong format: Ensure that the dates you input conform to the correct format, i.e. dd/mm/yyyy or mm/dd/yyyy, depending on your region’s settings.
• Unexpected results: Check that the cell you are referring to has a valid date entry; otherwise, the formula will return an error. You can also check if the date is formatted in such a way that it appears to be a number or text value.
• Formula not working: Double-check that your syntax is correct, and all necessary parentheses and commas are in place.

It’s worth noting that the MONTH function can also work with cells formatted as dates or numbers. Take care to ensure that you use the correct format of cell reference.

When troubleshooting your MONTH function in Excel, keep these tips in mind to save time and frustration. Remember, accurate dates are essential in Excel, so verifying your input data is crucial.

Did you know that the MONTH function is one of several date-related functions available in Excel? Early versions of Excel did not include explicit date functions, requiring individuals to create their own formulas. However, as time passed and the use of complex financial models increased, functions like MONTH became a necessity for accurate data manipulation. Today, Excel offers over a dozen different date functions for precision calculation.

## Some Facts About MONTH: Excel Formulae Explained:

• ✅ The MONTH function in Excel returns the month number from a given date. (Source: Microsoft)
• ✅ The syntax for the MONTH function is =MONTH(serial_number). (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The MONTH function can be used in various scenarios, such as calculating due dates, extracting month data from a date range, and more. (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ The MONTH function is a part of a larger category of functions in Excel called Date and Time functions. (Source: Ablebits)
• ✅ Excel offers several other date-related functions, such as YEAR, DAY, HOUR, MINUTE, SECOND, and more. (Source: Excel Campus)

## FAQs about Month: Excel Formulae Explained

### What is the MONTH formula in Excel?

The MONTH formula in Excel returns the month of a given date as a number between 1 and 12. The formula syntax is =MONTH(serial_number), where the serial_number is the date that you want to find the month of.

### How do I use the MONTH formula in a function?

You can include the MONTH formula in a function by referencing the cell that contains the date and using the formula =MONTH(A1), where A1 is the cell that contains the date you want to find the month of.

### Can I use the MONTH formula with a text string?

No, the MONTH formula only works with serial numbers that represent dates in Excel. If you have a text string of a date, you will need to convert it to a serial number using the DATEVALUE formula first before using the MONTH formula.

### What is the difference between the MONTH and MONTHNAME formulas?

The MONTH formula returns the numeric value of the month of a given date, while the MONTHNAME formula returns the name of the month in text format. The syntax for the MONTHNAME formula is =TEXT(date,”mmmm”), where date is the cell containing the date you want to find the month name for.

### What happens if I use the MONTH formula on a blank cell?

If you use the MONTH formula on a blank cell or a cell that contains text, including spaces, the formula will return a #VALUE error. To avoid this error, you can use an IFERROR formula to display a custom message instead, such as =IFERROR(MONTH(A1),”Date not entered”).

### Can I use the MONTH formula to calculate the number of months between two dates?

Yes, you can use the MONTH formula in conjunction with the DATEDIF formula to calculate the number of months between two dates in Excel. The formula syntax is =DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,”m”), where start_date and end_date are the cells containing the beginning and ending dates, and “m” tells Excel to return the result in months.

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