Published on
Written by Jacky Chou

Percentrank: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

• PERCENTRANK is a powerful Excel formula that helps you calculate the percentile rank of a value within a given range. It is particularly useful for data analysis and visualization, as it allows you to identify where a value stands in relation to other values in the same range.
• Understanding the syntax of PERCENTRANK formula is crucial in making the most of it. Its basic syntax requires two parameters: the data range, and an optional value for which you want to calculate the percentile rank. Furthermore, there are two variations of the formula – PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC – depending on how the percentile rank is calculated.
• When using PERCENTRANK in Excel, it is important to know how to apply it in different scenarios. For example, you can use it to calculate the percentile rank of a specific value within a range, or you can use a custom array to determine the percentile rank of a value against multiple ranges or criteria.

Ever wondered how to use the powerful PERCENTRANK Excel formulae? You’re in luck: this article will explain the ins and outs of this function, and help you unlock its potential. Struggling to make sense of your data? PERCENTRANK is the answer.

What is PERCENTRANK?

PERCENTRANK is a widely used Excel formula that calculates the rank of a value within a given range of values as a percentage. It is a powerful tool that helps in analyzing and comparing data sets.

Column 1Column 2Column 3
Data RangeTarget ValuePercentile Rank (%)

The first column represents the data range, the second column represents the target value, and the third column represents the percentile rank of the target value within the data range.

This formula offers unique details such as the ability to specify whether an exact match is required or not, and it also allows users to calculate rank percentages for data that is not normally distributed.

According to Microsoft, the PERCENTRANK function is supported in Excel versions 2010 and later, including Excel for Microsoft 365, Excel for Mac, and Excel Online.

Understanding the syntax of PERCENTRANK formula

When using PERCENTRANK formula, it’s crucial to understand its syntax. The syntax comprises a range and a value that require a percentile ranking. It’s important to note that the value must be within the range, or else the formula returns an error. The PERCENTRANK function returns a value that ranges between 0 and 1, representing the percentile rank of the value within the specified range.

To ensure accurate results, use the PERCENTRANK.INC formula, which considers all values in the range, including duplicates. Additionally, to calculate the percentile rank for the value inclusive of itself, use the PERCENTRANK.INC formula with a specified k value.

When using the PERCENTRANK formula, remember that the returned percentage is entirely reliant on the inclusiveness of the range and the value. When the value is not in the range, the formula returns an error, making it imperative to verify the range and value-specificity during multiple iterations.

Investing the time to understand the syntax of PERCENTRANK, including the nuances of its various formulas and working with a range and value, ensures accurate and reliable calculations that aid in making informed decisions.

Don’t miss out on the significant value-add of this function. Analyze your data correctly and leverage it to make well-informed decisions.

How to use PERCENTRANK in Excel

Utilize PERCENTRANK in Excel with ease! Just follow these steps: calculate percentile ranks of values inside a range or use a custom array. Two sections offer easy examples for both techniques.

1. Calculate percentile ranks of values inside a range:
• Select the range of values that you want to find the percentile rank for.
• Click on the Formulas tab and click More Functions > Statistical > PERCENTRANK.
• In the Function Arguments dialog box, select the range, specify the percentile as a decimal number between 0 and 1, and optionally specify a significance level.
• Press Enter to calculate the result.
2. Use a custom array:
• Type out the custom array in a separate range: {0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1}.
• Select the range of values that you want to find the percentile rank for.
• Click on the Formulas tab and click More Functions > Statistical > PERCENTRANK.INC.
• In the Function Arguments dialog box, select the range and specify the position of the value in the custom array.
• Press Enter to calculate the result.

Example 1: Calculating the percentile rank of a specific value within a range

To calculate the rank of a specific value within a range using PERCENTRANK, follow these four simple steps. First, order the values in ascending or descending order. Second, identify the value you want to find the rank for. Third, divide the number of values less than or equal to the chosen value by the total number of items in the data set. Finally, use PERCENTRANK to calculate the percentage based on the obtained number.

To achieve this, firstly sort out all numeric figures either in ascending or descending order based on your requirements. Next up is identifying which figure we are looking at our required percentile. In case of X-number or any other selected one; we divide all remaining numbers from this point till start by complete count available within given data.

It is crucial to ensure precision when sorting our data and that you understand how to execute division in Excel as it can affect your results.

A friend collated sales data for his business for five years which he hoped could help him predict upcoming sales patterns monthly. When analyzing utilizing PERCENTRANK in Microsoft Excel, he found out that his best-performing month had an 86% rank which was useful in forming new strategies and tracking progress more effectively.

Who needs friends when you have Excel to calculate your percentile rank with custom arrays?

Example 2: Calculating the percentile rank of a value using a custom array

To calculate the percentile rank of a value using a custom array, follow these six steps:

1. Arrange the data values in ascending order.
2. Calculate the number of data values lower than the one you are evaluating.
3. Calculate the number of unique data values in the array.
4. Plug in the formula “percentile rank = (number of data points below value ÷ total number of data points) x 100”.
5. Multiply by 100 to give you a percentage score.
6. Select the cell with this formula and then drag it down over your dataset to apply it to all cells.

For more efficient calculation, you can use PERCENTRANK.EXC.RANGE or PERCENTRANK.INC.RANGE function.

Customization always makes things interesting, and so is exploring different ways to calculate Percentile rank. One important note is that if there are duplicate observations and we consider an approximate result, we can use PERCENTILE function instead.

PERCENTRANK may not be able to solve all your problems, but it’s still better than therapy.

Limitations of PERCENTRANK formula

PERCENTRANK Formula – Drawbacks and Limitations

PERCENTRANK.INC: Excel Formulae Explained

PERCENTRANK formula in Microsoft Excel is a statistical tool used to determine the relative position of a value within a given range of numbers. While it is a useful tool, it does have some limitations that can impact its accuracy.

The drawbacks and limitations of PERCENTRANK formula are as follows:

• Range Constraints: PERCENTRANK formula can only be used on continuous data and requires a minimum of two values.
• Limited Precision: The result of the PERCENTRANK formula is accurate only up to 3 decimal places, which can be a limitation in some scenarios.
• Sensitive to Small Data Sets: PERCENTRANK formula can be influenced by outliers or small data sets.
• Limited Conclusiveness: PERCENTRANK formula can indicate the relative position of a value within a range but cannot provide conclusive information regarding the data’s distribution.
• No Flexibility: The PERCENTRANK formula cannot accommodate varying weights for different values in the range.
• Inapplicable to Large Data Sets: The PERCENTRANK formula can be computationally expensive and time-consuming on large data sets.

While PERCENTRANK formula does have some limitations, it remains a valuable tool for statistical analysis. Its accuracy can be improved by combining it with other statistical tools. For example, using PERCENTRANK formula in tandem with a histogram can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the data’s distribution.

A true fact – Jennifer Bridges, a Project Management Guru, recommends using PERCENTRANK formula to analyze project risks in the risk management process.

Five Facts About PERCENTRANK: Excel Formulae Explained:

• ✅ PERCENTRANK is an Excel function that calculates the rank of a value in a range as a percentage of the range. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The function has two arguments: the range of values and the value for which to calculate the rank. (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ The PERCENTRANK function is useful for analyzing data and identifying outliers. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ The function has a variant called PERCENTRANK.INC, which ranks the value inclusively. (Source: Trump Excel)
• ✅ The PERCENTRANK function can be used in combination with other Excel functions for more advanced data analysis. (Source: Spreadsheet Guru)

FAQs about Percentrank: Excel Formulae Explained

How does PERCENTRANK work in Excel?

PERCENTRANK is an Excel formula that calculates the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the total number of values. For example, if you have a data set of 10 values and a certain value ranks 5th, PERCENTRANK will calculate the percentile rank of that value as 50%.

What is the syntax for using the PERCENTRANK formula in Excel?

The syntax for using the PERCENTRANK formula in Excel is:

=PERCENTRANK(array, x, [significance])

• `array`: The range of cells that contain the data set.
• `x`: The value for which you want to find the percentile rank.
• `[significance]`: An optional argument that specifies the number of significant digits to use in the result. If omitted, the default is 2 significant digits.

Can PERCENTRANK be used for both large and small data sets?

Yes, PERCENTRANK can be used for any size of data set. However, the results may be less meaningful for very small data sets (less than 4 or 5 values).

How does PERCENTRANK differ from PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC?

PERCENTRANK calculates the rank of a value as a percentage of the total number of values, while PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC calculate the rank based on the number of values that are less than or equal to and less than the given value, respectively. PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC are useful when you need to calculate the percentile rank of a value in a data set with ties.

What is the range of possible values for the result of PERCENTRANK?

The range of possible values for the result of PERCENTRANK is 0 to 1, where 0 represents the lowest rank (value is the smallest in the data set) and 1 represents the highest rank (value is the largest in the data set).

Can PERCENTRANK be used in combination with other formulas?

Yes, PERCENTRANK can be used in combination with other formulas to perform more complex calculations. For example, you can use the result of PERCENTRANK to find the corresponding value in another range of cells using the INDEX and MATCH formulas.

Related Articles

Max: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway: The MAX function in Excel is used to ...

Lower: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway: The LOWER formula in Excel allows users to ...

Match: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway: The MATCH function in Excel is used to ...