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Written by Jacky Chou

Percentrank.Inc: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

  • PERCENTRANK.INC is a useful function in Excel for finding the percentile rank of a particular value in a dataset, indicating its relative position compared to other values in the dataset.
  • The syntax of PERCENTRANK.INC involves specifying the dataset range and the value for which the percentile rank is being calculated. This formula can be easily used in Excel by typing it out or selecting it from the formula tab.
  • PERCENTRANK.INC can be applied in various scenarios, such as finding the percentile rank of exam scores or measuring the relative position of a company’s stock price in the market. However, it is important to take note of the limitations of this formula and ensure that it is used appropriately for accurate results.

Do you find Excel calculations daunting? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! PERCENTRANK.INC simplifies everything to make the process easier. Follow this article to take a deep dive into all the nitty-gritty details you need to know!

Understanding the PERCENTRANK.INC Formula

Stop feeling confused about PERCENTRANK.INC! Learn its syntax and how to employ it in Excel. It can be tricky, but you can do it! Just take the right approach and you’ll master it.


The PERCENTRANK.INC formula is a useful tool for analyzing data in Excel. It allows you to determine the rank of a specific value compared to the rest of the dataset based on percentage. The syntax for PERCENTRANK.INC is as follows:

=PERCENTRANK.INC(array, x, [significance])

In this formula, ‘array’ refers to the dataset being analyzed, ‘x’ represents the value being ranked and ‘significance’ (optional) specifies the number of significant digits displayed in the result.

To use PERCENTRANK.INC, simply input the range of cells containing your data into ‘array’, the specific value you wish to rank in relation to that dataset into ‘x’, and decide whether or not you would like to specify a significance level.

Once executed, PERCENTRANK.INC will return a decimal indicating what percentage of values in the array are less than or equal to x.

It’s important to remember that when using PERCENTRANK.INC, values between 0 and 1 will be returned. To convert this value into a percentage format, simply multiply it by 100%.

Fun fact: The PERCENTRANK function was first introduced in Excel 2007 as one of several statistical functions added to the program at that time.

PERCENTRANK.INC may sound like a fancy math term, but don’t worry, Excel will do the calculating for you (just like your ex did with your heart).

How to use PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel

PERCENTRANK.INC is a crucial formula that helps you determine the percentile ranking of a given set of values in Excel. By understanding how to use PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel, you can analyze and compare data more effectively.

Here is a simple 4-step guide to using PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel:

  1. Select the range of cells that contain the data you want to evaluate.
  2. Next, input the formula ‘=PERCENTRANK.INC(cell range, value)’ into an adjacent cell. Replace ‘cell range’ with the selected range of cells and ‘value’ with a specific number within that range.
  3. After typing in the formulae correctly, hit enter and gauge your results. It should return a decimal value between zero and one indicating where your number falls.
  4. If necessary, format the result into percentage or any other format useful for analysis.

It is worth noting that when comparing two separate datasets with different ranges of numbers such as age and salary, using PERCENTRANK.INC might not be advisable.

According to TechOnTheGo source, PERCENTRANK.INC is only available on Microsoft Excel 2010 or later versions.

Get ready for some PERCENTRANK.INC wizardry as we unveil real-life examples of its power in action.

Examples of PERCENTRANK.INC in Action

Comprehending PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel requires practical examples. Thus, the ‘Examples of PERCENTRANK.INC in Action‘ section offers insight. It has two sub-sections:

  1. Finding Percentile Ranks of a Dataset
  2. Measuring the Relative Position of a Value in a Dataset

This will give you an understanding of how to use the PERCENTRANK.INC formula for data analysis.

Finding Percentile Ranks of a Dataset

Using PERCENTRANK.INC to determine the percentile ranks of a given dataset can be an effective way to gauge where individual data points fall in relation to the entire set.

This approach is useful for gaining insight about patterns and trends, as well as for comparative analysis.

Here is a 6-step guide to finding percentile ranks using PERCENTRANK.INC:

  1. Sort the dataset in ascending order.
  2. Determine the position of the data point whose percentile rank you want to find within the sorted dataset.
  3. Calculate the total number of data points in the dataset (N).
  4. Calculate the rank of the data point whose percentile rank you want to find by dividing its position (P) by N and then multiplying by 100. This will give you a decimal between 0 and 1.
  5. Input your calculated rank into the PERCENTRANK.INC formula along with the entire dataset. This will give you a percentile score between 0 and 1.
  6. Multiply your calculated percentile score by 100 to get your final answer as a percentage.

One unique aspect of using PERCENTRANK.INC is that it can be used on datasets with both static and dynamic ranges. Additionally, this method allows for outliers and extremes in data range.

A real-life example of utilizing PERCENTRANK.INC could be determining how well someone has done in comparison to their peers on a standardized test. By calculating their percentile rank among test-takers from previous years, educators can better understand where that individual student’s strengths and weaknesses lie.

Ranking values in a dataset is like playing musical chairs, except instead of sitting down, they’re compared to their peers and given a numerical placement.

Measuring the Relative Position of a Value in a Dataset

Analyze a value’s relative position in a dataset with PERCENTRANK.INC. Here’s an example of how it works.

2014, 19, 20, 20, 21, 26, 29
2514, 19, 20, 20, 21, 26, 29

For a better understanding Let us consider Parameter – significanceLevel=1.

PERCENTRANK.INC outputs the percentage rank of the given value in the dataset by counting the number of values that are less or equal to it and returning this count divided by the total number of non-zero values in the set. In this example above;

  • For the first value (20), there are two values less than or equal to it out of six non-zeros; thus its percentile rank is around ~33%.
  • For the second value (25), there are five values less than or equal to it out of six non-zeros; hence its percentile rank is around ~83%.

Pro Tip: To get an exact ratio instead of an approximate one for further precision in analyses use formatting functions like ROUND.

PERCENTRANK and PERCENTRANK.INC may seem similar, but using the wrong one could leave you more confused than a cat in a cucumber field.


When comparing PERCENTRANK and PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel, there are some notable differences to consider. To begin with, PERCENTRANK is an older function that has been replaced by PERCENTRANK.INC. While both functions measure the rank of a value within a range as a percentage, PERCENTRANK.INC is more versatile and consistently returns accurate results.

Below is a table outlining the differences between PERCENTRANK and PERCENTRANK.INC:

PERCENTRANKReturns a decimal value indicating the rank of a value within a range.
PERCENTRANK.INCReturns a percentage value indicating the rank of a value within a range.

It is also important to note that PERCENTRANK.INC includes the first and last values in the range when calculating the rank, which can result in a higher or lower percentage depending on the value being evaluated. PERCENTRANK, on the other hand, excludes the first and last values from the calculation.

It is recommended that users switch to using PERCENTRANK.INC for more accurate and consistent results. Additionally, it is important to ensure the values being evaluated are properly ordered within the range before using either function.

Limitations of PERCENTRANK.INC

PERCENTRANK.INC: Limitations and Challenges Explained

When working with PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel, it is important to keep in mind the potential limitations and challenges associated with this formula. Here are five key considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Limited precision: PERCENTRANK.INC only provides a limited level of precision, which can be problematic when working with larger data sets or when precision is crucial.
  2. Outliers: The formula is highly sensitive to outliers in data sets, which can skew results and lead to inaccurate conclusions.
  3. Need for normalized data: PERCENTRANK.INC assumes a normalized data distribution, and may not be appropriate for skewed or irregularly distributed data.
  4. Limited flexibility: The formula offers limited flexibility in terms of customizing the ranking method or the range of values used in calculations.
  5. Alternative methods may be more appropriate: Depending on the nature of the data set and the desired analysis, alternative formulae or approaches (e.g. percentiles, quartiles, etc.) may be more suitable than PERCENTRANK.INC.

It is important to remember that these challenges are not inherent flaws in the PERCENTRANK.INC formula, but rather considerations to keep in mind when using it in practice.

When working with PERCENTRANK.INC, it is essential to carefully consider its limitations and potential challenges in order to ensure accurate and meaningful results. By keeping these considerations in mind, you can avoid common pitfalls and make more informed decisions when working with Excel data sets. Don’t miss out on the benefits of PERCENTRANK.INC – stay informed and stay ahead!

5 Facts About PERCENTRANK.INC: Excel Formulae Explained:

  • ✅ PERCENTRANK.INC is an Excel function that calculates the rank of a given value in a dataset as a percentage. (Source: Microsoft)
  • ✅ The “.INC” in PERCENTRANK.INC stands for “Inclusive,” meaning that the function includes the value being ranked in the calculation of the percent rank. (Source: Excel Jet)
  • ✅ The function’s syntax includes the range of data being ranked and the value for which the percent rank is being calculated. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ PERCENTRANK.INC can be useful in analyzing the performance of stocks, comparing student test scores, and evaluating customer satisfaction ratings. (Source: Spreadsheet Library)
  • ✅ The function returns a decimal value which can be converted to a percentage format using Excel’s formatting tools. (Source: Udemy)

FAQs about Percentrank.Inc: Excel Formulae Explained

What is PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel formulae?

PERCENTRANK.INC is a function in Excel that calculates the rank of a specific value in a range of values as a percentage. This function is used to determine the percentile rank of a value in a set of data.

How does PERCENTRANK.INC work?

The PERCENTRANK.INC function takes two arguments; an array, and a value, and returns the rank of the value within the array as a percentage. The function works by calculating the rank of the value in relation to the other values in the array, and then expressing that rank as a percentage of the total number of values in the array.

What is the difference between PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC?

The difference between PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC functions is in the way they treat the endpoints. PERCENTRANK.INC includes the endpoints in the calculation, whereas PERCENTRANK.EXC excludes them. In other words, PERCENTRANK.INC assumes that the value being tested is within the range of data, while PERCENTRANK.EXC does not make that assumption.

How do I use PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel formulae?

To use PERCENTRANK.INC in Excel, you need to select the cell where you want to display the result and enter the formula “=PERCENTRANK.INC(array,value)” where ‘array’ is the range of cells containing the data, and ‘value’ is the value you want to rank.

What is an example of using PERCENTRANK.INC?

Suppose you have a range of values in cells A1:A10 and you want to find the percentile rank of the value 75. To do this, you would enter the formula “=PERCENTRANK.INC(A1:A10,75)” in another cell. The result will be the percentile rank of 75 within the range of values.

Can I use PERCENTRANK.INC with non-numerical data in Excel formulae?

No, PERCENTRANK.INC is designed to work with numerical data only. If you try to use non-numerical data in the function, you will receive an error message.

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