# Price: Excel Formulae Explained

by Jacky Chou
Updated on

## Key Takeaway:

• The PRICE function in Excel is used to calculate the price of a security based on its settlement date, maturity date, interest rate, yield, and redemption value.
• The syntax of the PRICE function is “=PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yield, redemption, [frequency], [basis])”. It is important to understand each argument and their appropriate format.
• Implementing the PRICE function in Excel can provide accurate and efficient calculations for financial analysis and decision making. However, it is important to note the differences between PRICE and other financial functions to avoid errors.

Are you struggling with complex pricing formulae? Excel can help — learn the basics of using it to tackle pricing calculations with ease! You’ll be an expert in no time.

## Syntax of PRICE function

The Syntax of the PRICE function in Excel is written as `=PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yield, redeemed, frequency, [basis])`. This function calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest. The settlement, maturity, rate, yield, redeemed, and frequency are all required inputs for the formula, while the basis is optional. Settlement represents the security’s settlement date, maturity represents the security’s maturity date, rate represents the security’s annual coupon rate, yield represents the security’s annual yield, redeemed represents the security’s redemption value per \$100 face, and frequency represents the number of coupon payments per year.

To calculate the price of a security using the PRICE function, the input values for the required parameters should be entered into the formula. The optional basis parameter can also be specified to adjust the calculation method. It is essential to ensure that the input values are accurate and consistent with the specifications of the security.

In addition to the Syntax of the PRICE function, it is crucial to understand how the output price is generated based on the inputs. The calculations assume that the coupon payments are made on time and the security is redeemed at its face value. The calculated price helps investors determine whether a security is undervalued or overvalued.

Don’t miss out on using the PRICE function in Excel to calculate the price of your investment securities with relative ease and precision. Ensure accuracy in your input values and take advantage of this powerful tool to make informed investment decisions.

## Understanding the arguments in Price function

When using the PRICEDISC function in Excel, it’s important to understand the different arguments that are involved. These arguments include the settlement date, maturity date, discount rate, redemption value, and day count basis. By properly inputting these arguments, you can accurately calculate the discounted price of a security.

In addition to understanding the basic arguments of the PRICEDISC function, it’s also important to note that the redemption value parameter can actually be left out of the formula if it is equal to the face value of the security. It’s also possible to change the day count basis from the default of 0, which represents actual days, to other options such as 1 for 30/360 or 2 for actual/360.

To ensure that you are accurately using the PRICEDISC function in your Excel spreadsheets, be sure to carefully input all necessary parameters and consider any optional modifications to the formula. By properly utilizing this function, you can make informed decisions about securities and avoid potential financial oversights.

## Examples of implementing PRICE function in Excel

Excel’s PRICE function is a powerful tool used to calculate the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest. Here are some examples of implementing the PRICE function in Excel.

Settlement DateMaturity DateAnnual Coupon RateYield to MaturityPrice
01/01/202101/01/20310.050.06=PRICE(A2,A3,A4,A5,100,2)
01/01/202101/01/20310.060.04=PRICE(A7,A8,A9,A10,100,2)

Apart from the basic example above, the PRICE function can also be used to calculate prices for bonds with irregular periodic coupon payments. This provides more accurate results as compared to traditional methods.

Pro Tip: Use the PRICE function in Excel to calculate the price per \$100 face value of a security with periodic interest payments, including those with irregular coupon payments.

## Differences between PRICE and other financial functions

PRICE is a financial function that differs from other Excel functions. Here are some key distinctions:

FunctionDescriptionFormula
PRICECalculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest.=PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis])
PRICEDISCCalculates the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security.=PRICEDISC(settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, [basis])
PRICEMATCalculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that matures on a specific date.=PRICEMAT(settlement, maturity, issue, rate, yld, [basis])

In addition to these differences, it’s worth noting that PRICE can be used with both annual or semi-annual payment frequencies, depending on the inputs given. It can also handle securities that have odd-length periods with the basis argument.

For those looking to master Excel financial functions, understanding these nuances is crucial. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to improve your skills and efficiency with Excel by learning how to use PRICE and other financial functions.

## Five Facts About “PRICE: Excel Formulae Explained”:

• ✅ “PRICE” is an Excel function that calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest. (Source: Investopedia)
• ✅ The “PRICE” function takes into account the security’s annual coupon rate, maturity, yield, and settlement date. (Source: Exceljet)
• ✅ The “PRICE” function is commonly used in finance and accounting to value bonds and other debt securities. (Source: Corporate Finance Institute)
• ✅ The syntax for the “PRICE” function is “PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yield, redemption, frequency, [basis])”. (Source: Microsoft)
• ✅ The “PRICE” function can be combined with other Excel functions, such as “YIELD”, to analyze and compare different securities. (Source: Wall Street Prep)

## FAQs about Price: Excel Formulae Explained

### What is PRICE function in Excel?

The PRICE function in Excel calculates the price of a security per \$100 face value that pays periodic interest. It takes into consideration the annual coupon rate, the yield to maturity, the number of interest payments per year, and the maturity date.

### How do I use PRICE function in Excel?

To use PRICE function in Excel, you need to start with typing =PRICE( into a cell, followed by filling in the required arguments within the parenthesis. The arguments are settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemp, frequency, basis. Once you have entered the required arguments, press enter to get the result.

### What are the arguments of PRICE function in Excel?

The arguments of PRICE function in Excel are settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemp, frequency, and basis.

• settlement: The security’s settlement date.
• maturity: The security’s maturity date.
• rate: The security’s annual coupon rate.
• yld: The security’s annual yield to maturity.
• redemp: The redemption value of the security per \$100 face value.
• frequency: The number of coupon payments per year.
• basis: The type of day count basis to use.

### What is the difference between yield to maturity and coupon rate?

Yield to maturity is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures. It is expressed as an annual rate. Whereas, coupon rate is the annual rate of return that the bond pays to the bondholders.

### Can I use PRICE function to calculate the price of a bond that does not pay coupon?

No, PRICE function in Excel assumes that the bond pays interest periodically. If the bond does not pay coupon, then you can use the PRICEDISC or PRICEMAT functions.

### Is it possible to use PRICE function for non-US securities?

Yes, PRICE function in Excel can be used for both US and non-US securities as long as the arguments are in the correct format and the basis argument is set accordingly.

Auther name

Jacky Chou is an electrical engineer turned marketer. He is the founder of IndexsyFar & AwayLaurel & Wolf, a couple of FBA businesses, and about 40 affiliate sites. He is a proud native of Vancouver, BC, who has been featured on Entrepreneur.comForbesOberlo, and GoDaddy.