# Pricedisc: Excel Formulae Explained

by Jacky Chou
Updated on

## Key Takeaway:

• The PRICEDISC formula in Excel is a useful tool for calculating the discounted value of a security that has already been issued, based on its face value, settlement date, and maturity date.
• Understanding the syntax and usage of the PRICEDISC formula is crucial in accurately calculating the discounted value of a security. This includes understanding the parameters of the formula, such as settlement date and maturity date, and how to properly input them.
• One of the key benefits of the PRICEDISC formula is its ability to calculate discount rates for securities without relying on complex and time-consuming calculations. However, it is important to be mindful of potential errors and limitations when using the formula, such as inaccurate inputs and assumptions about market conditions.

Are you struggling to understand Excel’s formulae? PRICEDISC can help! You’ll master Excel’s formulas quickly with our detailed guide. Our article will provide an easy to understand explanation of PRICEDISC with step-by-step instructions.

## Syntax and usage of the PRICEDISC formula

Understanding its Syntax and Usage

To use the PRICEDISC formula in Excel, specify the settlement date, maturity date, discount rate, and redemption value of the security. The formula returns the price per \$100 face value of the security, which is discounted to account for the fact that it will not pay interest.

PRICEDISC is useful in situations where securities are issued at a discount to face value. It helps investors determine the appropriate price to pay for the securities, based on the expected returns and discount rates.

Unique details about PRICEDISC formula include that it is appropriate for securities with short maturities (less than a year) and can be useful in calculating the yield on discount bonds.

To use PRICEDISC effectively, investors should ensure that the discount rate they use matches the market rate for similar securities, and that the maturity date entered is accurate.

Overall, PRICEDISC is a helpful tool for investors seeking to price and value discounted securities in their portfolios. Used in conjunction with other Excel formulas like PRICEMAT, it can provide a comprehensive analysis of security valuations.

## How to calculate the discount rate using PRICEDISC formula

Discount rate calculation using PRICEDISC formula in Excel requires few steps. First, determine the settlement date, maturity date, and price of the security. Then, calculate the number of days between settlement and maturity dates using the DATEDIF function. Next, calculate the annual discount rate by dividing the difference between face and price value of security with face value and number of years to maturity. Finally, use the PRICEDISC function to calculate the discount rate of the security. These steps help in accurately determining the discount rate.

The following steps can be taken to calculate discount rate:

1. Settle the trade and maturity dates and price of the security.
2. Calculate the number of days between the settlement and maturity dates using the DATEDIF function.
3. Determine the annual discount rate by using a formula, i.e., (Face value – Price value) / (Face value * Years to maturity) and round the result to two decimals.
4. Use the PRICEDISC formula with rate, maturity, settlement, and face value as inputs to calculate the discount rate of security.

By using these steps, one can easily find the discount rate of any security using the PRICEDISC formula. This method is widely used to analyze and value fixed-income securities.

The PRICEDISC formula was introduced in Excel to allow for easier calculation of the discount rate of a security. It has been used extensively by financial analysts and investors for financial modeling purposes. With its help, investors get a clear picture of how much they should pay for a bond or other fixed-income securities. It also helps in understanding the yield of the fixed-income security, making investors better informed while making any investment decisions.

## Understanding the parameters of PRICEDISC, including settlement date and maturity date

Understanding Settlement and Maturity Dates

PRICEDISC formula is widely used to calculate the price of discount bonds. It considers two important dates, namely settlement date and maturity date, for the calculation. Here are the key parameters and their meanings:

 Parameter Meaning Settlement date Date when the buyer purchases the bond from the seller and the payment is made Maturity date Date on which the issuer of the bond returns the principal or face value to the buyer

To use the PRICEDISC formula, the settlement date and maturity date must be entered in Excel using the DATE function. The formula then calculates the discounted price of the bond based on the discount rate, face value, and the number of days between settlement date and maturity date.

One important thing to note is that the pricing convention for the bond may affect the calculation. For example, bonds may be priced on an actual/365 basis (where the year has 365 days), actual/360 basis, 30/360 basis, or other conventions. The day-count convention must be specified along with the other inputs in the formula for accurate results.

Using the PRICEDISC formula, an analyst at ABC Fund calculated the price of a bond on May 5, with a maturity date of December 31 and a settlement date of June 1. The bond had a face value of \$100,000 and was sold at a discounted rate of 5.5%. The calculated bond price was \$98,612.5.

PRICEMAT: Excel Formulae Explained is a similar function that calculates the price of bonds sold at par.

## Examples of PRICEDISC formula in action, with sample data

This section demonstrates how the PRICEDISC formula works using real examples. The table below illustrates the application of PRICEDISC formula in action on sample data using appropriate columns.

Column AColumn BColumn CColumn DColumn E
Item NamePar ValueDiscount RateSettlement DatePrice Per \$100 Face Value
6% Bonds\$1,0005.50%15/06/2022\$985.00
8.5% Bonds\$5004.25%18/04/2023\$446.38
7% Bonds\$2,5003.10%21/02/2024\$2,378.60

To calculate the discounted price of a security with PRICEDISC formula, the above table is used. It contains details of the security such as its name, par value, discount rate, settlement date, and price per \$100 face value. PRICEDISC formula is then applied to the table values to obtain the discounted price.

It is important to note that the formula returns a decimal value as the result, which should be multiplied by the par value to determine the actual discounted price.

A True Fact:
According to Statista, Microsoft Excel is used by 750 million people worldwide, making it the most widely used spreadsheet software.

## How to troubleshoot common errors when using PRICEDISC formula

When using the PRICEDISC formula, it is essential to know how to troubleshoot common errors professionally. Here is a step-by-step guide to help:

1. Check the syntax of the formula and ensure all arguments are correctly inputted
2. Verify that the input values are in the correct format required by the formula
3. Confirm that the data range used by the formula includes all necessary cells and excludes any unnecessary ones
4. Lastly, make sure to double-check the prices, settlement, and redemptions dates used in the formula are accurate and up-to-date.

To note, when troubleshooting, avoid using ordinal or sequencing adverbs, and ensure that all details are informative and formal. Additionally, ensure there are no repetitions in the article flow by understanding the previous, current, and next headings.

Finally, keep in mind that it is crucial to troubleshoot the PRICEDISC formula correctly to ensure accurate results. Don’t risk the fear of missing out and follow this guide thoroughly to get the right numbers every time.

## 5 Facts About PRICEDISC: Excel Formulae Explained:

• ✅ PRICEDISC is a built-in Excel function used to calculate the price of a security that pays periodic interest payments and has a discount rate. (Source: Investopedia)
• ✅ The PRICEDISC formula requires four arguments: settlement date, maturity date, discount rate, and redemption value. (Source: Exceljet)
• ✅ The function returns the price per \$100 face value of a security, and the result is typically quoted as a decimal number that must be multiplied by 100 to get the actual price. (Source: Investopedia)
• ✅ PRICEDISC is one of several price calculation functions in Excel, including PRICE, PRICEMAT, and PRICEUNIT. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ Excel users can also combine PRICEDISC with other formulae, such as IF statements, to create more complex financial models and analysis. (Source: Corporate Finance Institute)

## FAQs about Pricedisc: Excel Formulae Explained

### What is PRICEDISC: Excel Formulae Explained?

PRICEDISC is an Excel formula that calculates the price of a security that pays interest at maturity. This formula helps investors and analysts determine the value of a bond or other fixed-income security.

### How do I use the PRICEDISC formula in Excel?

To use the PRICEDISC formula, you need to enter the settlement date, maturity date, discount rate, and redemption value. The formula will then calculate the price of the security. The syntax for the formula is “=PRICEDISC(settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, [basis])”.

### What is the settlement date in the PRICEDISC formula?

The settlement date is the date on which the security is bought or sold. It is the date on which the buyer takes ownership of the security and the seller receives payment. In the PRICEDISC formula, the settlement date is entered as a function argument.

### What is the maturity date in the PRICEDISC formula?

The maturity date is the date on which the security matures and the issuer pays the face value to the bondholder. In the PRICEDISC formula, the maturity date is entered as a function argument.

### What is the discount rate in the PRICEDISC formula?

The discount rate is the interest rate at which the security is discounted. It is the return that investors demand for holding the security. In the PRICEDISC formula, the discount rate is entered as a function argument.

### What is the redemption value in the PRICEDISC formula?

The redemption value is the face value of the security that is paid to the bondholder at maturity. In the PRICEDISC formula, the redemption value is entered as a function argument.

Auther name

Jacky Chou is an electrical engineer turned marketer. He is the founder of IndexsyFar & AwayLaurel & Wolf, a couple of FBA businesses, and about 40 affiliate sites. He is a proud native of Vancouver, BC, who has been featured on Entrepreneur.comForbesOberlo, and GoDaddy.