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Written by Jacky Chou

Quartile: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

  • Quartile in Excel is a statistical concept used to divide a dataset into four equal parts, each containing 25% of the observations. Understanding quartile and quartile deviation is essential for data analysis and interpretation.
  • Excel offers various functions to calculate quartiles, including QUARTILE, QUARTILE.INC, and QUARTILE.EXC. The choice of function depends on the type of data and the desired level of accuracy.
  • Box plots are a useful tool to visualize quartile data and identify outliers. Reading and creating box plots in Excel can provide insights into the distribution of the data and help make informed decisions in business contexts.
  • Quartile analysis can be applied to various business scenarios, such as sales data analysis and employee performance evaluation. By using quartiles, businesses can identify trends, set benchmarks, and make data-driven decisions.

Do you ever feel overwhelmed by confusing Excel formulas? Quartile is a simple mathematical concept that can help make data analysis easier. You can learn the basics in just a few steps. This article explains the quartile formula and its use in Excel.

Understanding Quartile in Excel

Understanding QUARTILE Formula in Microsoft Excel

The QUARTILE formula in Excel is a statistical function that calculates values at specified quartiles, such as Q1, Q2, and Q3. To use the QUARTILE function in Excel, follow the syntax, QUARTILE(range, quart), where range is the data array and quart is the quartile value from 0 to 4.

To understand QUARTILE in Excel, refer to the following table that demonstrates how to calculate quartiles for a set of data using the QUARTILE.INC formula.


By using the QUARTILE.INC function, the Quartile can be calculated as follows:

  • Q1: QUARTILE.INC(data,1) = 20
  • Q2: QUARTILE.INC(data,2) = 50
  • Q3: QUARTILE.INC(data,3) = 80

It is important to note that the QUARTILE formula considers the odd and even sizes of the data array differently while calculating the quartile values.

Pro Tip: Always ensure that the data is properly sorted before applying the QUARTILE formula, as it can affect the accuracy of the calculations.

Calculating Quartile using Excel Formula

Understand the uses of quartile and its deviation. Learn how to calculate it using Excel formulae. Get a better understanding of this widely used statistical measure. Then, apply it to your data analysis confidently.

Uses of Quartile Function in Excel

One of the useful Excel functions is Quartile. It helps to identify data distribution by dividing data into quarters.

Uses of Quartile Function in Excel
Column 1Column 2
To determine statistical analysis accurately.Data set can be divided into min, max, and median values making it easier for the user.
To track performance metrics in various industries.The quartile function can help in analyzing employee performance or sales rates based on multiple variables.
To assess financial valuation and investment portfolio.This function comes in handy for grouping stock prices or market returns based on percentile rankings which helps make appropriate buy/sell decisions.

Notably, Quartile has a range of practical applications from biology to marketing research.

To optimize the usage of this function, ensure that there are no missing values or outliers as they may skew calculations.

Finally, always consider using additional visualization techniques with Quartiles such as box plots or histograms to make data interpretation more accessible and straightforward. Why settle for just one deviation when you can have quartile deviation? Excel has all the answers.

Understanding Quartile Deviation

The Quartile Deviation is a complex statistical concept that measures the spread of data distribution into quartiles. To understand it better, let’s look at an illustrative example.

Rank (Ascending)1 (Q1)2 (Q2) or median3(Q3)4(maximum) or Q4

Here, Q1 represents the first quartile, which separates the bottom quarter of data from the rest; Q2 or Median is the midpoint of data with half below and half above it, Q3 marks the third quartile, separating the top quarter; and maximum or Q4 includes all values above Q3.

It’s crucial to calculate Quartile Deviation to understand variability in a dataset accurately.

Did you know that Arthur Bowley developed this method in 1901? He was an Englishman who pioneered methods in statistics and provided early solutions for sampling issues.

Why use fancy graphs to show quartile data when you can just draw a square with a line through it and call it a day?

Visualizing Quartile Data Using Box Plots

To visualize quartile data in a wild way, you need to grasp how to interpret box plots. Plus, you have to learn how to make them in Excel. Here, you’ll gain knowledge on reading box plots. Also, you’ll find out how to build box plots in Excel.

Reading Box Plots

Box plots provide a visual representation of quartile data. They can be used to identify outliers and see the spread of the data.

True Data

Minimum ValueFirst QuartileMedianThird QuartileMaximum Value
Box Plot Example 11528.7532.537.550
Box Plot Example 21219.2523.527.2539

Reading Box Plots can be made easier by understanding the different parts of them, such as the whiskers, median, and quartiles. The whiskers represent the range of values within a certain distance from the median, while outliers are represented as dots beyond this range.

Pro Tip: Reading multiple box plots side-by-side can help to compare and contrast different sets of data for further analysis.

Excel may be a great tool for data visualization, but making box plots in it can leave you feeling boxed in. Fear not, true Excel warriors- I’ve got you covered.

How to Create Box Plots in Excel

Box Plots using Quartile Data can be created in Excel with a few simple steps. First, it’s essential to have the data organized in columns or rows. Second, we must determine the minimum and maximum values in our data set. 3. locate and calculate the first, second, and third quartile of the data set.

To Create Box Plots in Excel:

  1. Organize your data into columns or rows
  2. Find the minimum and maximum values in your dataset
  3. Determine the first, second, and third quartile of your dataset

Box plots provide a visual representation of statistical data that helps in easy interpretation of complex values. With a centrally placed box indicating median value represented by lines extending out called ‘whiskers’ covering most other components plotted as dots away from this line demonstrates how far they are from the median.

Additionally, these plots help us determine outliers outside our overall trends.

A true fact: According to The Spreadsheet Page website, Excel 2016 has made it even easier to create Box Plots with its newly added chart options feature.

Quartile analysis in business is like knowing you’re playing poker with a deck stacked against you, but at least now you know which cards to watch out for.

Applications of Quartile Analysis in Business

To use quartile analysis in business, consider different scenarios. For example, to examine sales data, quartile analysis can be a great option. Also, for assessing employee performance, quartile analysis is the way to go.

Here, let’s talk about these two topics in more detail.

Quartile Analysis for Sales Data

Analyzing sales data using Quartiles can be a game-changer for businesses. By dividing the dataset into four equal parts, companies can examine their performance and identify areas of improvement and growth.

Below is a table showcasing an example of Quartile Analysis for Sales Data. The table displays values such as Quartile 1, Median, and Quartile 3 for a given dataset. Analyzing the sales data in this format provides transparency and saves time in identifying patterns and trends.


A thorough analysis would include information about the percentage of total sales from each quartile. For instance, if Q1 represents only 10% of the total sales, it’s clear that additional focus should be placed on improving results for more significant sales.

Finally, a way to rank employees without actually having to talk to them.

Quartile Analysis for Employee Performance Evaluation

Performance evaluation is essential for any business, and quartile analysis proves to be an efficient approach. It categorizes employees based on their performance level and highlights areas where improvement is necessary.

Using a table format, the Quartile Analysis for Employee Performance Evaluation can have columns for Employee ID, Performance Score, Quartile number, and Comments. Actual employee data can be entered into this structured format.

Quartile analysis for performance evaluation provides unique insights into the workforce’s strengths and weaknesses without relying on biased opinions. The determination of employees’ quartile position helps ensure everyone understands their role better within the organization.

Don’t miss out on adopting quartile analysis in your business operations to get unbiased insights into employee performance. FOMO is inevitable when competitors progress while you lag behind due to inadequate performance analysis techniques used by your organization.

Five Facts About QUARTILE: Excel Formulae Explained:

  • ✅ QUARTILE is an Excel function used to calculate the quartiles of a data set. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ The formula for QUARTILE is “=QUARTILE(array, quart)”. (Source: Investopedia)
  • ✅ Quartiles divide a data set into four equal parts, with each part containing 25% of the data. (Source: ThoughtCo)
  • ✅ The first quartile (Q1) is the value below which 25% of the data falls. (Source: Math Is Fun)
  • ✅ The third quartile (Q3) is the value below which 75% of the data falls. (Source: Statistic How To)

FAQs about Quartile: Excel Formulae Explained

What is quartile and how do I use it in Excel formulae?

Quartile is a statistical measure that divides a dataset into four parts, each containing an equal number of observations. In Excel, you can use the QUARTILE function to calculate the quartile of a dataset. The syntax for the function is =QUARTILE(array,k), where “array” is the range of data you want to analyze and “k” is the quartile you want to calculate (1 for the first quartile, 2 for the second quartile, etc.).

Can I use the Quartile function with non-numerical data?

No. The QUARTILE function only works with numerical data. If you have non-numerical data in your dataset, you will need to use a different method to calculate quartiles.

What is the difference between the QUARTILE and QUARTILE.INC functions?

The QUARTILE function calculates quartiles based on the original position of the data in the dataset, while the QUARTILE.INC function calculates quartiles based on the interpolated position of the data. In most cases, the two functions return the same results. However, when there are extreme values or a small number of observations, the functions may produce different results.

What is the difference between the QUARTILE and QUARTILE.EXC functions?

The QUARTILE function calculates quartiles based on the original position of the data in the dataset and includes the quartiles in the result set. The QUARTILE.EXC function calculates quartiles based on the interpolated position of data and excludes the quartiles from the result set. In most cases, the two functions return different results. You can use either function depending on your analysis requirements.

What is the syntax of the QUARTILE function?

The syntax for the QUARTILE function is =QUARTILE(array,k), where “array” is the range of data you want to analyze and “k” is the quartile you want to calculate (1 for the first quartile, 2 for the second quartile, etc.).

Can I use the QUARTILE function to calculate deciles or percentiles?

Yes. You can use the QUARTILE function to calculate deciles and percentiles by adjusting the value of “k” in the formula. For example, to calculate the 90th percentile, you would use the formula =QUARTILE(array,0.9).

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