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Written by Jacky Chou

# Round: Excel Formulae Explained

## Key Takeaway:

• The ROUND formula is an essential tool in Excel for precise calculations. It is used to round a number to a specific number of decimal places or to the nearest multiple of a specified number.
• The ROUND formula syntax includes the number to be rounded and the number of decimal places or the multiple to round to. It can also include an optional argument for rounding method, such as “up” or “down”.
• Alternative rounding formulas in Excel include the CEILING and FLOOR formulas. These can be used to round up or down to a specific number or multiple. The choice between formulas depends on the specific rounding needs and desired results.

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## Syntax and usage of the ROUND formula

You must know Excel formulas to master the ROUND formula syntax and usage. This includes rounding decimals to specific places and rounding to multiples of a given number. Examples of the ROUND formula will help you understand its precision and how versatile it is.

### Examples of using the ROUND formula for rounding to specific decimal places

Rounding off values in Excel is a routine task that can be done through the ROUND formula. Let’s dive into using this formula for accurate results when rounding to specific decimal places.

1. Select the cell or range of cells you want to round off.
2. Next, type the “=ROUND(” function and select the cell containing the number you want to round off.
3. Then, enter a comma and choose the number of decimal places you want to round off to.
4. If you want to round up rather than down, include “0” as the second argument in your formula.
5. To create negative decimals with fewer decimal places than positive decimals, input a negative value for num_digits.

Take note that if num_digit and/or number contain text or logical values, errors will occur. Lastly, keep in mind that Excel rounds numbers by default. Therefore, if there are no specified decimal points for rounding off numbers, it will still perform rounding by default.

To add some context on how this feature came about – The ROUND function has always been readily available since its first version was released in 1987 on Macs running MultiPlan. It has undergone revisions over time but remains one of Excel’s most fundamental formulas.

Why round to the nearest number when you can round to the nearest multiple and be extra precise?

### Examples of using the ROUND formula for rounding to the nearest multiple of a specified number

When it comes to rounding multiple values based on a specific number, the ROUND formula can be incredibly useful. With this technique, you can quickly round numbers to the nearest multiple of a given value, allowing for faster and more efficient data processing.

To start using the ROUND formula for rounding to the nearest multiple of a specified number, follow these six easy steps:

1. Open your Excel worksheet and select the cell where you want to display your rounded value.
2. Type “=” followed by the ROUND formula.
3. Inside the parentheses, enter the number you want to round.
4. Add a comma and include a second argument that specifies which multiple you’d like to round to.
5. Finish by closing out your ROUND function with another closing parenthesis and press “enter.”
6. You should now have a rounded value appearing in your selected cell!

When using the ROUND formula, keep in mind that this method always rounds up if the decimal is .5 or greater, so it may not be appropriate for all situations. Additionally, some versions of Excel may require slightly different syntax for proper use.

It’s worth noting that alternative formulas exist for more complex rounding scenarios. VBA code, nested IF statements, or other mathematical operations may be needed depending on your unique needs.

A study by Gail Tompkins found that students who engage in daily writing practice improve their writing skills significantly over time.

Why settle for ROUND when you can also try MROUND, CEILING, and FLOOR? Excel is your oyster.

## Alternatives to the ROUND formula for rounding in Excel

Rounding values in Excel? The ROUND formula isn’t your only option. Check out CEILING and FLOOR formulas for more efficient results! Examples of using these formulas to round up or down will be shown. Plus, we’ll compare the ROUND formula with other rounding methods in Excel.

### Examples of using the CEILING and FLOOR formulas to round up/down

When it comes to rounding numbers in Excel, there are several options available beyond the ROUND formula. Using the CEILING and FLOOR formulas to round up or down can be helpful in certain situations.

Here’s a 6-step guide for using the CEILING and FLOOR formulas for rounding:

1. Enter the number you want to round in a cell.
2. Select an empty cell where you want the rounded result to appear.
3. Type “=CEILING(” into the empty cell if you want to round up or “=FLOOR(” if you want to round down.
4. Insert a comma after “CEILING(” or “FLOOR(“.
5. Select the cell containing the number you want to round, then close parentheses by typing “)” at end of formula.
6. Press enter and observe that your rounded number is now displayed in the selected cell.

Although these two formulas are straightforward, it’s important to keep in mind that they only work with whole numbers (not decimals).

Overall, using either CEILING or FLOOR will allow for more control over rounding numbers in Excel, especially when dealing with larger datasets. Don’t miss out on this opportunity to simplify your data analysis. Try incorporating these rounding methods today!

Why settle for just ROUND-ing up or down when Excel offers a plethora of options? It’s like choosing between a plain cheese pizza or a fully-loaded supreme.

### Comparison of using the ROUND formula to other rounding methods in Excel

Rounding off values is an important function in Excel. Various rounding methods can be used to achieve this, apart from the ROUND formula. The comparison of using the ROUND formula to other rounding methods in Excel can help choose the optimal method.

Here is a table that shows the differences between various rounding methods:

ROUND()YesYesNo
CEILING()YesNoNo
FLOOR()NoYesNo
MROUND()Yes/NoYes/NoYes

It is important to note that CEILING and FLOOR functions round up or down to the nearest integer respectively. MROUND function allows rounds based on a specified number, which makes it more flexible than others.

Pro Tip: Remember to choose the best-suited method based on whether you want your values rounded up or down, without losing precision.

## Five Facts About “ROUND: Excel Formulae Explained”:

• ✅ The ROUND function in Microsoft Excel allows users to round numerical values to a specified number of digits. (Source: Microsoft)
• ✅ The ROUND function is commonly used in financial analysis and accounting to round values to the nearest dollar or cent. (Source: Investopedia)
• ✅ There are several variations of the ROUND function in Excel, including ROUNDUP and ROUNDDOWN. (Source: ExcelJet)
• ✅ The syntax for the ROUND function is: ROUND(number, num_digits) (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The ROUND function can also be used in combination with other formulas in Excel to perform complex calculations. (Source: Business Insider)

## FAQs about Round: Excel Formulae Explained

### What is the ROUND function in Excel and how does it work?

The ROUND function in Excel is used to round a number to a specified number of digits. It works by taking two arguments: the first argument is the number you want to round, and the second argument is the number of digits to which you want to round the number. For example, if you want to round 3.14159 to two digits, you would use the formula =ROUND(3.14159,2), which would return the value 3.14.

### What is the difference between ROUND and ROUNDUP in Excel?

While both functions are used to round numbers in Excel, the ROUND function rounds a number to a specific number of digits, while the ROUNDUP function rounds a number up to a specific number of decimal places. For example, if you wanted to round 4.483 to the nearest whole number, you would use the formula =ROUND(4.483,0), which would return the value 4. If you wanted to round 4.483 up to the nearest whole number, you would use the formula =ROUNDUP(4.483,0), which would return the value 5.

### How do you use the ROUND function to round to a specific interval?

You can use the ROUND function in Excel to round to a specific interval by including an additional argument that specifies the interval to which you want to round. For example, if you wanted to round a number to the nearest multiple of 5, you would use the formula =ROUND(A1/5,0)*5, where A1 is the cell containing the number you want to round.

### What is the ROUNDIF function in Excel and how is it used?

The ROUNDIF function is not a built-in function in Excel, but it can be created using a combination of other functions. It is used to round a number to a specific multiple or factor. To use the ROUNDIF function, you would first use the ROUND function to round the number to the nearest factor, and then use an IF statement to check if the rounded number is within a certain range. For example, if you wanted to round a number to the nearest multiple of 10, the formula would be =IF(A1>=ROUND(A1/10,0)*10+5,ROUND(A1/10,0)*10+10,ROUND(A1/10,0)*10).

### How do you use the ROUND function to round to a specified number of significant digits?

To round a number to a specified number of significant digits, you can use the ROUND function in Excel along with the LOG10 function. For example, if you wanted to round the number 1234.5678 to three significant digits, you would use the formula =ROUND(1234.5678,3-INT(LOG10(ABS(1234.5678)))) which would return the value 1230.

### Can you use the ROUND function in Excel for financial calculations?

While it is possible to use the ROUND function in Excel for financial calculations, it is generally not recommended. The ROUND function can introduce rounding errors that can accumulate over time, leading to inaccurate results. Instead, it is recommended to use the ROUND function in conjunction with the ROUNDUP or ROUNDDOWN functions to ensure that the rounding is always consistent. Additionally, it is recommended to use the Decimal data type in VBA for financial calculations, as this data type provides greater accuracy.

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