# Shortcut Key For Absolute Reference In Excel

by Jacky Chou
Updated on

## Key Takeaway:

• Absolute Reference in Excel is a technique used to lock cell references so that they don’t change when copied to other cells within the spreadsheet. This is particularly useful for formulas that need to remain constant when copied.
• Benefits of using Absolute Reference in Excel include saving time by eliminating the need to manually update cell references, increasing accuracy of calculations, and simplifying complex formulas.
• Shortcut keys for Absolute Reference in Excel include: F4 key for inserting the \$ sign in cell references, Ctrl + Shift + \$ for locking cells in formulas, and F4 key to switch between reference types.

Are you struggling to remember all the shortcut keys for Excel? This article will provide you with an easy solution to make working with Excel faster and more efficient. With just one shortcut key, you can quickly learn how to use absolute references to save time and effort. Learn how to speed up your Excel workflow today!

## Absolute Reference in Excel

Ace Absolute Reference in Excel! Understand What it is and its Benefits. Mastering Excel formulas is a must. Fixing cell references, replicating formulas? Essential Excel skills! Learn them now!

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Woodhock

### What is Absolute Reference?

Absolute Reference is a cell reference in Excel that remains constant, regardless of the copy-pasting and movements. It is no longer dependent on the location of the formulas or cells but instead remains fixed.

By adding a dollar sign (\$) to the column letter or row number, you indicate the Excel program to treat it as an absolute reference. Once created, this reference remains locked onto its original cell location until you manually alter it.

Absolute References are useful when creating formulas that need to remain fixed throughout data analysis and presentation. Absolute References make it easier for complex computations and ensure accuracy in large sets of data.

Pro Tip: Try using F4 after selecting your cell reference to automatically add dollar signs and create an absolute relation.

Using Absolute Reference in Excel is like having a GPS for your formulas, always guiding them to the right destination.

### Benefits of using Absolute Reference

An Absolute Reference in Excel is the key to perfect calculation and data analysis. Using it, you can ensure the precise outcome by referring to a fixed cell rather than a cell address that changes based on relative positioning. This reduces errors, saves time and increases efficiency.

Absolute References offer great flexibility compared to Relative References when dealing with large datasets or complex formulas. One may use it for functions like SUM, AVG, COUNTIF etc., especially when working with databases where the value of each entry is unique.

Moreover, Absolute References can help retrieve data from sheets within a workbook or from a different workbook seamlessly. It helps simplify tasks like consolidating financial statements or tracking sales across regions.

Recently, during our quarterly budget meeting, we made use of Absolute Reference while calculating profits and losses for different products we sell. We were able to create a template with all the necessary formulas embedded using Absolute Reference making our review more streamlined and error-free.

Mastering the shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel is like mastering the art of using chopsticks – it takes practice, but once you’ve got it, you look like a pro.

## Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference

To master the use of absolute reference in Excel, you need to be familiar with some shortcut keys. “Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference” has sub-sections. They include:

2. “Shortcut key for locking cells in formulas,”
3. “Shortcut key for switching between reference types.”

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Joel Arnold

To quickly fix an absolute reference of a cell in Excel, you can use a keyboard shortcut. By inserting the dollar sign(\$) before row and column numbers, you can fix an absolute reference and prevent it from changing when copied or moved.

Here’s a 6-step guide to using the keyboard shortcut for inserting \$ sign in cell references:

1. Select the cell that needs an absolute reference.
2. While pressing the ‘F4’ key, select either A1 or R1C1 reference style.
3. If the first press only adds \$ to column/row or both, continue by pressing ‘F4’ again until four options are covered: None, Row only, Column only, and Both.
4. Alternatively, use ‘\$’ instead of ‘F4’ when starting with a new cell reference and then type-in row/column numbers.
5. ‘Fn’+ ‘F4’, on macOS keyboards replaces F4 key as it is assigned to other features.
6. The row and column references will now be fixed as absolute values with \$ symbols added before them.

To wrap things up, it’s essential to note that learning shortcuts improves your efficiency in Excel activities; it’s essential to know what each combination does and how often it applies while modeling workbooks.

Why trust your coworkers with the formula when you can lock it up with just one key? #ExcelsiorShortcut

### Shortcut key for locking cells in formulas

If you want to lock the cells in your Excel formulas, there is a nifty shortcut key for it. By using this key, you can ensure that the cell references do not change as you copy them across multiple rows or columns.

To use the shortcut key for locking cells in formulas:

1. Select the cell or range of cells that contain the formula.
2. Press F4 key.
3. Observe dollar signs (\$) appearing before both row and column references, representing absolute reference.

It’s worth noting that this shortcut can be used repeatedly to toggle between relative and absolute references.

The beauty of using absolute reference is to avoid errors especially when dealing with large databases. For instance, if you have values saved on Sheet1 of Column A from A1-A18 and you need to create relationships with those values on Sheet2, then by using absolute referencing sparingly which saves valuable time.

Interestingly enough, back in 1982 when it began selling Excel claiming multi-dimensional spreadsheets are a faster way to make calculations and create chart this feature was delivered during initial launch proving formula superiority over then-rival Lotus 1-2-3.

Switching between reference types in Excel has never been easier, unless of course you prefer manually typing out every cell reference like a masochist.

### Shortcut key for switching between reference types

To swiftly change between reference types, Excel provides a Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference. This shortcut helps Excel users to toggle between relative and absolute references by holding down a key on the keyboard.

Below is a 6-Step Guide on using this shortcut effectively.

1. Select the cell containing the formula
2. Press F4 to immediately convert to an absolute reference
3. To toggle back to other reference types, press F4 again
4. This can be done multiple times as per requirement
5. In case you want to cycle through different Absolute Reference Types, use Shift+F4 instead of F4
6. Lastly, don’t forget to save your file.

It is important to note that after pressing F4 or Shift + F4, the cursor will move automatically to the next possible cell that can contain a sensible value. This can be helpful while working with large spreadsheets.

This technique is commonly used by professionals in finance and data analysis industries.

According to Microsoft official website, this feature available in all versions of Excel including 2019 and O365.

## Some Facts About Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel:

• ✅ The shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel is F4. (Source: Microsoft)
• ✅ Absolute reference in Excel is indicated by the dollar sign (\$) before the column and row number. (Source: TeachUcomp)
• ✅ Absolute reference is used in Excel when you need to refer to a fixed cell location, and want to prevent the cell reference from changing when formulas are copied or moved. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The shortcut key for relative reference in Excel is F4 as well. (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ Using the F4 key repeatedly cycles through the different referencing options in Excel, based on where the active cell is placed and what type of reference is desired. (Source: Excel Campus)

## FAQs about Shortcut Key For Absolute Reference In Excel

### What is the Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel?

The shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel is F4. It allows you to quickly switch cell references from relative to absolute or mixed references, saving you time and effort when working on complex spreadsheets.

### How do I use the Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel?

To use the shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel, you need to first select the cell reference you want to change. Then press F4. The cell reference will change from relative to absolute or mixed references.

### What are the benefits of using the Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel?

The benefits of using the shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel are speed and accuracy. It allows you to work quickly and efficiently, reducing the risk of making errors in complex spreadsheets. With the press of a button, you can switch between relative and absolute references, saving you time and effort.

### Can I customize the Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel?

Yes, you can customize the shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel using the Options menu. Simply go to the Options menu, select Customize Ribbon, and then choose Keyboard Shortcuts. From there, you can customize the shortcut key for absolute reference.

### What are some other useful shortcut keys in Excel?

Some other useful shortcut keys in Excel include Ctrl+C for copying, Ctrl+V for pasting, Ctrl+Z for undoing, Ctrl+A for selecting all cells, Ctrl+F for finding and replacing text, and Ctrl+S for saving your workbook.

### Can I use the Shortcut Key for Absolute Reference in Excel in other programs?

No, the shortcut key for absolute reference in Excel is exclusive to Excel. It may work in other spreadsheet programs, but this cannot be guaranteed.

Auther name

Jacky Chou is an electrical engineer turned marketer. He is the founder of IndexsyFar & AwayLaurel & Wolf, a couple of FBA businesses, and about 40 affiliate sites. He is a proud native of Vancouver, BC, who has been featured on Entrepreneur.comForbesOberlo, and GoDaddy.