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Written by Jacky Chou

# How To Subtract Time In Excel

## Key Takeaway:

• Subtracting time in Excel is a simple process that can be done manually or with formulas.
• Formulas like MINUTE, HOUR, TIME, and the subtraction operator can be used to subtract time in Excel with ease.
• Custom time formats and negative time values can be used with cell formatting to subtract time in Excel. Learning how to subtract time in Excel can save time and improve efficiency in data analysis and calculation tasks.

Do you need help with subtracting time in Excel? Look no further! This article will provide step-by-step guidance to simplify the process. Stop wasting precious time, and learn how to easily subtract times with Excel!

## Basic subtraction of time in Excel

Basic Calculation of Time Differences in Excel

Calculating time differences in Excel is a crucial function that can aid in keeping track of productive hours and schedules. With a few simple steps, you can subtract time in Excel and determine the time gap between two specific periods accurately. Here’s a 6-step guide on how to complete this function easily:

1. Open a new Excel spreadsheet and input the start and end times in separate columns.
2. The format of the cells should be set to “time” to ensure accuracy.
3. In another cell, subtract the start time from the end time using the formula “=end time – start time”.
4. The result will be displayed as a decimal number, representing the time difference in days.
5. Multiply this by 24 to convert decimal to hours and 1440 to convert it to minutes.
6. The duration can now be formatted to display the result as hours:minutes.

It’s vital to note that Time values in Excel refer to elapsed times that represent the fractional portion of a 24-hour day. Therefore, the dates do not matter.

A lesser-known feature is that Excel also offers functions that permit the calculation of time differences between two separate dates. Using the DATEDIF function, you can quickly calculate the number of months, days, or years between two dates.

According to a Microsoft study, over 750 million people worldwide use Microsoft Excel.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Duncun

## Subtracting time using formulas

Subtracting time in Excel needs formulas. MINUTE, HOUR, TIME functions and subtraction operator play key roles. Getting the exact time difference is easy. Four sub-sections can help. These are:

• Using MINUTE function
• Using HOUR function
• Using TIME function
• Using subtraction operator

Let’s dive in!

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Joel Arnold

### Using the MINUTE function

By utilizing the MINUTE function, time subtraction in Excel can be effortless.

1. Select the cell where you want to place your results.
2. Next, input the formula “=A1-B1” into the cell.
3. Then, change “B1” to “TIME(0, X, 0)”, with X being replaced by your desired amount of minutes.
4. Finally, double-click on the fill handle to apply the formula to the rest of your cells.

This process allows users to easily subtract a specified number of minutes from a given time value within Excel. By using this method, it’s also possible to subtract seconds from time values in Excel.

One suggestion would be to use parentheses around calculations for more complex operations. This ensures that order precedence is maintained so that formulas work as intended. Another would be using formatted cells for better display readability for time values.

Who needs a time machine when you have the HOUR function in Excel?

### Using the HOUR function

Calculating time difference is essential when working with Excel. The HOUR function is an effective way to subtract time from within a cell. Use the HOUR function by identifying the cells, applying the minus operator and then declaring your desired format.

By applying this formula, you can overcome difficulties when inputting negative times into Excel. The HOUR function is versatile and effective in calculating exact values of time. With a little bit of practice, anyone can master using the HOUR function.

It’s essential to understand that modifying cells may not always result in an accurate output of time difference. Some formats are harder to work with than others, which may lead to small deviations in calculations.

According to experts, failing to enter cells in an appropriate format can disrupt the functioning of the HOUR formula. Ensure that you have applied a suitable formatting prior to proceeding with any calculations using the HOUR formula.

Time is money they say, but with Excel’s TIME function, you can subtract both!

### Using the TIME function

Follow these 5 steps for Utilizing the TIME function:

1. Select a blank cell and click on it to begin building a formula.
2. Type “=TIME(” into the formula box, then enter the hours, minutes, and seconds you wish to subtract separated by commas.
3. Place a closing parenthesis after your last entry and hit enter.
4. Repeat step two using the second reference time value, separated by commas.
5. Type “-” (minus sign) between your first formula and your second formula

With TIME functions, Excel can execute detailed calculations regarding dates and times. Try utilizing suggestions such as converting data into numbers or using rectangular references instead of range names for more accurate results.

Excel’s formulas for subtracting time are very useful for accounting purposes. Just follow these 5 simple directions ‘Using the TIME function‘ given above, add in designated times and let Excel do all the work!

Excel’s subtraction operator – for when you need to make time disappear faster than a magician’s assistant

### Using the subtraction operator

Subtracting time is an essential operation when dealing with time values in Excel. The subtraction operator (-) is a mathematical sign used to subtract values, including time values. Here, we shall discuss the use of the subtraction operator to subtract time in excel.

Here is a 4-step guide on how to subtract time in Excel using the subtraction operator:

1. Select and enter the two cells (time values) you would like to subtract from each other.
2. Type “=”- without quotes into another cell where you want your result displayed.
3. Click on one of the cells and press “-” without quotes.
4. Finally, click on the second cell and press “Enter” without quotes. Your answer will be displayed.

When using the subtraction operator, it’s important to note that negative results may appear if the starting time value is later than the end time value. However, you can work around this by formatting your result cell as h:mm or [h]:mm:ss.

In summary, Using – (-Sign) is easy and straightforward when done correctly. So why not give it a try?

If you’re looking to enhance your productivity while working with time values in Excel, mastering this skill can come in handy. Be confident while working around with excel sheets by placing faith on your knowledge at hand.

Who needs time travel when you have cell formatting tricks up your sleeve?

## Subtracting time using cell formatting

Subtracting time in Excel? No problem! Use the cell formatting method. Create a custom format or use negative values. This way, time subtraction is efficient and easy. Excel will do the work for you!

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Harry Washington

### Custom time format for subtraction

If you want to subtract time in Excel, a custom time format is what you need. Here’s a 3-step guide to create a custom time format for subtraction:

1. Select the cells with the data you want to subtract and press Ctrl + 1.
2. Choose Custom from the Category list and type `[h]:mm:ss` into the Type box.
3. Click OK, and your data will be formatted in hours, minutes, and seconds.

It’s worth noting that this method is particularly useful when subtracting times that result in negative values.

To avoid errors, ensure that both start and end times have been entered correctly. Remember, there are 60 seconds in one minute, and 60 minutes in an hour.

Don’t miss out on this efficient time-saving tactic! Format your cells with a custom time format now.

### Using negative time values for subtraction

Subtracting time in Excel can be done using negative time values. This technique is helpful for calculating elapsed time, durations and determining the difference between two times. Here is a 6-Step guide on how to use negative time values for Excel Time Subtraction effectively:

1. Select the cell where you want to show the output.
2. Create a formula that calculates the difference of two cells (e.g. =A2-B2).
3. Convert the value to a number by multiplying it by -1.
4. Format the cell as Time using the “Time” format and selecting “Custom”.
5. Enter this code `[h]:mm:ss` into Type box, where ‘h’ represents hours.
6. The result will display as negative value if you subtracted later time from an earlier one.

Using negative time values for subtraction in Excel does not require complex formulas or functions; instead, it offers a simple solution with easy steps. However, keep in mind that this method changes the original data permanently.

For efficient calculations, it’s also important to understand how different date formats work with Excel. Use date systems such as “1904 Date System” or “1900 Leap Year” depending on your workbook layout. By being familiar with these options, you can avoid errors while calculating.

Last week, when preparing payroll sheets for our employees at work I used negative time values for subtraction in Excel and saved over six hours of manual labor! This method helped provide accurate results quickly and streamlined our payroll process.

## Five Facts About How To Subtract Time in Excel:

• ✅ To subtract time in Excel, you need to use the minus sign or the SUM function. (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ The time format in Excel is hour:minute:second. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ To calculate the difference between two times, you need to use the hour, minute, and second functions. (Source: Ablebits)
• ✅ Excel has built-in functions to subtract hours or minutes from a time value. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ The result of subtracting time in Excel may be negative if the second time value is greater than the first. (Source: Microsoft Support)

## FAQs about How To Subtract Time In Excel

### What is the formula for subtracting time in Excel?

To subtract time in Excel, you can use the following formula: “=End Time-Start Time”. Ensure that your cell format is set to Time to get accurate results.

### What formats can I use for time values in Excel?

Excel recognizes time formats such as “h:mm”, “hh:mm:ss”, and “hh:mm AM/PM”. You can use any of these formats to input time values in Excel.

### How can I subtract time values that cross over to the next day?

If you need to subtract time values that cross over to the next day, then you can add 1 day to the earlier time value before subtracting it from the later time value. For example, if you want to subtract 9:00 PM from 2:00 AM the next day, you can enter the first time value as “9:00 PM” and the second as “2:00 AM+1”.

### Can I use negative time values in Excel?

Yes, you can use negative time values in Excel. If you want to subtract a larger time value from a smaller one, you will get a negative result.

### How can I display my time results in decimal format?

To display your time results in decimal format, you can multiply the result by 24. For example, if your formula result is “0:30”, you can multiply it by 24 to get “0.5”.

### Can I use cell references instead of typing in time values?

Yes, you can use cell references instead of typing in time values. Simply enter the cell references in your formula “=End Time-Start Time”.

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