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Written by Jacky Chou

Sumifs: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

  • SUMIFS formula in Excel helps to calculate the sum of values that meet specific criteria, making it an effective tool for data analysis and reporting.
  • Understanding the syntax and structure of SUMIFS formula, along with its arguments such as Criteria Range, Criteria, and Sum Range, is crucial to correctly implementing this formula.
  • Examples of using SUMIFS formula in Excel include summing values with single or multiple criteria, which can come in handy in a variety of scenarios, such as financial statements and sales reports.
  • Tips and tricks for using SUMIFS formula effectively include using wildcard characters, consolidating data for easy analysis, and avoiding errors by paying attention to the format of the input data.

Are you struggling to understand Excel’s SUMIFS formulae? This article will provide you with a thorough and simple explanation of the function and examples for using it. Dive in to learn about this powerful tool to take your Excel skills to the next level!

Syntax and Structure of SUMIFS formula

The Formulaic Syntax of SUMIFS in Excel

The syntax and structure of SUMIFS formula in Excel is crucial when dealing with data analysis. This formula helps in calculating the sum of a range of cells based on multiple criteria. To understand this formula, follow the steps below:

  1. Start with the syntax – =SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ...)
  2. Use the sum_range argument to specify the cell range to sum.
  3. Use the criteria_range1 argument to specify the range to evaluate.
  4. Use criteria1 to set the criteria or condition to include.
  5. Use the optional criteria_range2 argument and criteria2 to add more criteria.
  6. Repeat step 5 to include further criteria.

It’s important to note that the formula takes a minimum of three arguments, where the first is mandatory (sum_range) and the remaining two are optional (criteria_range1 and criteria1).

Another essential fact is that this formula supports logical operators such as “greater than” (>), “less than” (<), "equal to" (=), and so on.

Use our guide above to learn and immediately apply SUMIFS formula in your data analysis in Excel.

Don’t miss out on the remarkable SUMPRODUCT formula too, as it could broaden your Excel abilities and efficiency.

Understanding the Arguments of SUMIFS formula

Let’s dive into the arguments of the SUMIFS formula. We’ll understand the ‘Understanding the Arguments of SUMIFS formula‘ with its sub-sections. These sections are Criteria Range, Criteria, and Sum Range. They help filter and sum data based on multiple conditions. Let’s learn how they contribute to the SUMIFS formula’s functionality!

Criteria Range

When we talk about the range of criteria in Excel, we refer to the set of cells that define the conditions or filters for our data. This helps us refine our queries and extract more accurate results.


As shown above, the first column defines our criteria range while the second column represents the count of items that meet those conditions.

It is important to note that when using SUMIFS formula with multiple criteria ranges, they must have equal dimensions, or else it will return an error.

Pro Tip: When using text values in your criteria range, ensure they are enclosed within double quotes (“”).

Criteria: The only time where being picky is actually a good thing.


When using the SUMIFS formula, the ‘Criteria’ refers to specific conditions that must be met for the function to calculate a sum. Here are six important points to understand about criteria:

  • Criteria can include multiple conditions, each separated by a comma.
  • Each condition consists of three parts: the range of cells being evaluated, a comparison operator (such as < or >=), and a value to compare against.
  • You can use cell references or text values in criteria, but be sure to enclose text values in quotation marks.
  • If you have multiple conditions within one argument, they apply using an AND logical operator. That means all conditions must be true for the formula to sum up values.
  • If you use more than one argument in the SUMIFS function, each additional argument adds new criteria using an OR logical operator. This means that if any of these additional criteria are met, those values will also be included in the calculation.
  • The SUMIF function is similar but only allows for one condition and range of cells.

It’s worth noting that while criteria are often used with numeric data, they can also work with text and even dates.

When creating formulas with multiple criteria, it’s important to make sure that each set of related criterion is separated into its own set of parentheses. Otherwise, your results may not come out as expected.

A common challenge when working with criteria is deciding what comparison operators to use. For example, should you use an equal sign or greater than/less than? This often comes down to what exactly you’re trying to calculate and how it needs to fit into your larger data analysis.

Sum Range? More like fun range, am I right?

Sum Range

The portion of the data range where values are to be added is known as the Numeric Sum Range. It plays an important role in determining the results of the SUMIFS formula.

  1. Identify the cells that contain values that need to be summed.
  2. Designate a range within those cells where all values will be used for summation. This is called the Numeric Sum Range.
  3. Add this sum range after all of your filtering criteria and their respective ranges.
  4. Ensure that the numeric sum range is one dimensional and contains only numerical values.
  5. Apply specific conditions or multiple filters to limit the data you want to totalize based on your requirements
  6. The final outcome will return with only those filtered entries from your dataset that meet your specified criteria, which can then be summed using the selected numeric sum range.

An important reminder to remember while selecting a numeric sum range is that it should not include column headers or other elements of your dataset, because doing so would result in incorrect calculations.

Many users often fail to realize how critical the selection of their summing region is in affecting their results.

According to Microsoft Support, when computing total hours worked over time periods, such as days of last month or week before last or during weekends, “you can use conditional statements in Excel along with SUMIFS function”.

Get ready to SUM up your Excel game with these killer SUMIFS examples.

Examples of using SUMIFS formula in Excel

Use the SUMIFS formula to quickly sum values with criteria in Excel! No need to manually sum values, just use this formula. Here are two sub-sections with examples for you:

  1. Summing values with a single criteria.
  2. Summing values with multiple criteria.

Solutions to fit your needs!

Summing Values with Single Criteria

To sum up data based on a single criterion, use a specific approach:

Product A100
Product B200
Product C300

It is necessary to specify the criteria range and the corresponding sum range in order to apply the SUMIFS formula.

When working with more complex data, it’s better to use Sumif function rather than countif or other formulae which are not suitable for filtering criteria values.

Pro Tip: Use the condition of “less than or equal to”, do so by including an extra column with numeric ranges that correspond to each category.

When it comes to summing values with multiple criteria in Excel, it’s like trying to find a needle in a stack of needles.

Summing Values with Multiple Criteria

To compute multiple criteria based summation, Excel offers the SUMIFS formula. It allows users to sum a range of cells that meet specific criteria simultaneously.

Using a tabular representation for Summing Values with Multiple Criteria header would consist of columns such as ‘Criteria1’, ‘Criteria2’, ‘Criteria3’, ‘Values’. For example, in a sales report table, selecting a Region (Criteria 1) and a Month (Criteria 2) under which, we want the sum of Total Sales (Value) captured can be done through SUMIFS formula.

Expanding on this concept, it is essential to note that users can use operators such as >,< or symbols like *,? when specifying criteria ranges in the function’s arguments. These criteria ranges must match each other in length and must correspond to the same size range as sum_range.

In my previous job, I had to consolidate yearly asset inventories for the IT department of my organization. Using logical functions along with SUMIFS allowed me to efficiently extract and amass information per tens of thousands of IT hardware assets across several locations and hundreds of departments from multiple spreadsheets in no time.

Get the most out of SUMIFS by treating it like a detective – give it the right clues and it’ll solve your Excel mysteries.

Tips and Tricks for using SUMIFS formula effectively

Text: Tips to Use SUMIFS Formula Effectively

Implementing SUMIFS formula can be a daunting task in Excel, but these tips will help you utilize it effectively.

  1. Use the criteria range wisely: To achieve precise results, optimize the range, and place the criterion in a separate cell.
  2. Employ wildcards accurately: Make use of asterisks (*) and question marks (?) to retrieve specific data.
  3. Combine SUMIFS with other formulas: Incorporate SUMIFS with other Excel formulas like IF, VLOOKUP, and INDEX MATCH to get a complete result.
  4. Use absolute references for consistent results: Locking cell references with a dollar sign is necessary to maintain a steady output, especially when copying the formula.
  5. Keep the dataset clean and organized: It is crucial to keep the data clean, well-organized, and structured to avoid any discrepancies.

Unique Details to Consider while Using SUMIFS Formula

While using SUMIFS formula, remember that each criterion should be satisfied simultaneously, and incorrect criteria may lead to inaccurate results.

A Story to Illustrate the Importance of Accurate SUMIFS Formula Use

A financial analyst used SUMIFS formula to retrieve the total sales revenue from different states. However, after implementing the formula, he got a significantly low result than expected. Upon investigating, he realized that he forgot to include the dollar sign ($) before the sum range. He corrected the mistake, re-applied the formula, and eventually got the correct answer. This mistake taught him how valuable absolute reference is while working with SUMIFS formula.

Some Facts About SUMIFS: Excel Formulae Explained

  • ✅ SUMIFS is an advanced Excel function used to add values based on multiple conditions. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ SUMIFS can be used to sum values between a specific range of dates or based on a particular text string. (Source: Ablebits)
  • ✅ The SUMIFS function supports up to 127 criteria ranges and criteria pairs. (Source: Spreadsheet Planet)
  • ✅ SUMIFS is more versatile and efficient than using multiple nested IF statements to calculate the same result. (Source: Investintech)
  • ✅ SUMIFS is an essential tool for data analysts, financial professionals, and anyone who wants to organize and analyze large data sets in Excel. (Source: Excel Campus)

FAQs about Sumifs: Excel Formulae Explained

What is SUMIFS: Excel Formulae Explained?

SUMIFS is an Excel function used for summing up values that meet multiple conditions. This formula allows you to apply multiple criteria to a range of values and find the sum of the corresponding values that meet those criteria. It is a powerful tool when dealing with complex data sets and helps in creating dynamic reports.

How does SUMIFS function work?

The SUMIFS function has two or more arguments: the first one is the range of cells to sum, and the remaining arguments are the range or criteria for which the values are to be summed. The formula checks if all the specified criteria match for each cell in the defined range and adds up their corresponding values if they do match. This results in the sum of items that meet all the specified criteria.

What is the syntax of the SUMIFS formula?

The syntax of the SUMIFS formula is:

SUMIFS (sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

Can you provide an example of SUMIFS formula?

Yes, here is an example:


This formula will sum up the values in column B if the corresponding cells in column A contain “Banana” and the corresponding cells in column C contain “January”.

How many conditions can be specified in the SUMIFS formula?

The SUMIFS formula can accommodate multiple conditions to be specified. You can add up to 127 pairs of criteria_range and criteria arguments.

What is the difference between SUMIF and SUMIFS function?

The SUMIF function is used to sum up values in a range that meets a specific criterion or condition. It can only handle one criteria set at one time. Whereas, the SUMIFS function can calculate the sum of values in a range when multiple conditions or criteria are satisfied. SUMIF function cannot handle multiple conditions like the SUMIFS function.

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