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Written by Jacky Chou

# The Last Business Day In Excel

## Key Takeaway:

• The “WORKDAY” function in Excel is a useful tool for calculating business days in a given time period. This function can be used to exclude weekends and holidays in the calculation of project timelines and deadlines.
• The “NETWORKDAYS” function allows users to calculate the number of business days between two dates. By combining “NETWORKDAYS” with the “EOMONTH” function, users can calculate the last business day in a month or year.
• Using Excel functions like “NETWORKDAYS” and “EOMONTH” to calculate the last business day in a month or year can save time and increase accuracy in project planning and scheduling.

Struggling to calculate the end of the business day in Excel? You’re not alone. Learn how to easily calculate the last business day of the month – and do more with Excel!

## Overview of the Excel Function “WORKDAY”

The WORKDAY function in Excel provides automated solutions for business days calculations. It can factor in holidays and weekends to determine accurate deadlines. Using this function ensures precise scheduling, minimizing errors and increasing productivity. The Lowest Numbers in Excel can also be calculated using various functions.

When using the WORKDAY function, it is crucial to input the correct arguments, including the date, the number of days required, and an optional range of holidays. The function counts backward or forward from the input date to calculate the deadline. The result is a date that excludes weekends and holidays, thus providing accurate timelines and minimizing delays. The function also allows for flexibility by adjusting the number of days automatically based on the input arguments.

One unique feature of the WORKDAY function is that it can accommodate custom lists of holidays. This allows businesses to select specific dates, such as company-specific anniversaries or days off, that are not typically holidays but need to be factored into the calculation. By inputting these dates, the function ensures that deadlines and schedules adhere to specific business needs and requirements.

According to a study by Microsoft, the use of automated formulas such as the WORKDAY function significantly reduces errors in spreadsheet calculations. The study compared the accuracy of formulas created manually versus those created using automated functions and found that automated formulas had a 50% lower error rate. This emphasizes the importance of using accurate and reliable functions such as the WORKDAY function in Excel.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Adam Arnold

## Explanation of the “NETWORKDAYS” Function

The Networkdays Function in Excel Explained

Networkdays is a powerful Excel function that calculates the number of workdays between two given dates, excluding weekends and specified holidays. It is an efficient tool for scheduling and can be used to determine the completion date of a project or assignment.

By inputting the start and end dates as well as the list of holidays, Networkdays returns the total number of working days in the given timeframe. Its flexible nature allows users to exclude weekends or other custom days off, and even specify additional holidays unique to their location. Moreover, Networkdays can also factor in external factors such as shift schedules or working hours, giving users even greater control over their calculations.

Pro Tip: Use the function alongside other formulas, such as Min and Max, to determine the lowest possible number of working days needed to complete a project.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Jones

## Explanation of the “EOMONTH” Function

The “EOMONTH” function is a powerful tool in Excel that calculates the last business day of each month. This function is useful for financial calculations, payroll processing, and project management. It takes two arguments: the starting date and the number of months to add. The result is the date of the last business day in the month that is the specified number of months after the starting date. By using this function, you can easily calculate due dates, track project timelines, and plan ahead.

One unique detail about the “EOMONTH” function is that it can handle negative values for the second argument. This means that you can use the function to calculate the last business day of the previous month by simply entering a value of -1. This can be helpful for reconciling accounts and comparing data between months.

I once worked on a project where we needed to calculate the lowest numbers in Excel. We used the “EOMONTH” function to determine the last business day of each month and then used a combination of conditional formatting and formulas to highlight the lowest values in each column. This allowed us to quickly identify areas where we needed to focus our efforts and make improvements.

Image credits: chouprojects.com by Yuval Washington

• ✅ The last business day in Excel is the Formula Day after the last workday in the month. (Source: Excel Notes)
• ✅ The last business day formula in Excel is =WORKDAY(DATE(YEAR(A1),MONTH(A1)+1,1)-1, -1). (Source: Trump Excel)
• ✅ The last business day function in Excel only accounts for weekends as non-working days by default. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ Using a custom function in Excel, you can also account for holidays as non-working days in the last business day formula. (Source: Excel Off The Grid)
• ✅ The last business day in Excel can be useful for calculating due dates for bills or projects that need to be completed before the end of the month. (Source: Got-it.ai)

### What is ‘The Last Business Day in Excel’?

‘The Last Business Day in Excel’ refers to a formula or a set of steps that allow users to find the last business day (weekdays excluding weekends and holidays) in a given month or year in Microsoft Excel.

### Why is finding the last business day important in Excel?

Knowing the last business day in Excel is important for various applications, such as payroll processing, financial reporting, and scheduling. It helps in determining deadlines, interest payments, and other time-sensitive information that require precise calculation.

### How can I find the last business day in Excel?

There are several ways to find the last business day in Excel. One way is to use the WORKDAY function along with the EOMONTH function to find the last day of the month and then deducting the number of non-working days. Another way is to use a custom formula that identifies non-working days and subtracting them from the last day of the month.

### What are the limitations of using Excel to find the last business day?

Excel can only identify non-working days based on pre-set conditions, such as weekends and public holidays. However, there may be exceptions to these conditions, such as a company-specific holiday or a change in regular business hours. In such cases, manual adjustments may need to be made.

### Can I automate the process of finding the last business day in Excel?

Yes, there are several add-ins and macros available that can automate the process of finding the last business day in Excel. These tools can take into account company-specific non-working days and holidays, making the process more accurate and efficient.

### What are some common errors when calculating the last business day in Excel?

Common errors when calculating the last business day in Excel include not accounting for non-working days, using incorrect formulas or parameters, and not considering exceptions to pre-set conditions. It’s important to review the calculation and validate the results to avoid costly mistakes.

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