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Written by Jacky Chou

What Is a Holding Company?

A holding company is a corporation that owns other corporations. It may also be used to refer to the ownership class of companies within an industry, such as financial services firms or retail stores

A holding company is a company that owns shares of other companies. For example, Apple Inc. has many subsidiaries, like Apple Computer and Apple Retail. In this case, the holding company would own shares in both of these companies. Read more in detail here: holding company examples.

  • It allows individual investors to combine their funds for future opportunities.
  • It is a means for bigger corporations to reduce risk.

It’s important to understand the similarities between the two, as well as the differences between them and why both are employed.  

A holding company (or parent company) provides most investors and real estate investment groups with the ability to invest in a broad range of assets, including smaller holdings in businesses.  

Let’s pretend you’re a member of a rich family that has decided to combine their money and invest it. After that, you decide to form a holding company by completing all of the relevant papers with the Secretary of State. After you’ve filed your holding company with the state, you’ll need to hire an attorney to draft a management contract. It might cost anything from a few hundred dollars to a thousand dollars to do all of this.  

Assume the family consists of around ten individuals, each of whom pays a $1 million check to the new parent or holding firm’s bank account in order to acquire 10% of the business. This is how the new holding company’s financial sheet will appear after all of the donations have been collected:

  • $10 million in assets
  • There are no liabilities. 
  • $10 million in member equity (book value)

Let’s imagine you want to put that $10 million into something that might rise to a net value of $500 million over time. The issue is, how would you go about doing this without putting yourself in danger? 

Let’s put aside all the little things in order to do so. Here’s an oversimplified example to help you understand what a holding company is and how it works. 

This is when structural leverage enters the picture. Let’s return to the hypothetical circumstance from before. Let’s imagine the family decides to build a six-million-dollar structure, but they only want to invest one million dollars of their own money and then collect a management fee. They form a new business and invest one million dollars, as well as design a management agreement that allows additional investors to purchase two-thirds of the firm for two million dollars. The bank may then provide three million dollars in loan financing. The agreement stipulates that 5% of rental costs be given to another firm, which is a newly established subsidiary of the parent corporation.

When you look at it, the family is controlling a six-million-dollar building with just 10% of its assets. In addition to the 5% leasing cost, they will get 33.33 percent ownership. They essentially have a 6-to-1 leverage with a minor debt. They might then begin investing in additional prospects by purchasing stocks, acquiring tiny shares in enterprises, and forming new businesses. They may also use the capital reserve to hire a mutual fund manager and make millions of dollars in modest investments.

As a result, the family may now manage hundreds of millions of dollars in assets with very little risk and a very little investment.

A “holding company” is a type of company that owns other companies, and the word “subsidiary” is used to describe the subsidiary company. The parent company has ownership over the subsidiary company, which means it controls all decisions made by the subsidiary. Reference: holding company and subsidiary company.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the purpose of a holding company?

A: A holding company is a business entity that provides additional value to the shareholder. It may also act as a passive investment vehicle for shareholders who want to avoid any commercial risk or responsibility associated with managing their own assets such as property, stocks and bonds

What is the benefit of a holding company?

A: A holding company is a business entity that owns one or more other companies and manages their operations.

How does a holding company make money?

A: A holding company is a type of corporation that buys out other companies in order to increase its own profits.

Related Tags

  • what is the role of a holding company
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  • how to start a holding company
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  • holding and subsidiary company examples

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