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Written by Jacky Chou

Year: Excel Formulae Explained

Key Takeaway:

  • Excel formulae are an essential part of data analysis and financial modelling, enabling users to automate calculations and save time on manual tasks.
  • The YEAR function in Excel is a useful tool for date analysis and financial modelling, allowing users to extract the year from a date and perform various calculations on it.
  • Some common uses of the YEAR function include analyzing sales data by year, calculating the age of a person or asset, and forecasting future financial performance using historical data.
  • In addition to the YEAR function, Excel offers several advanced functions related to date and time analysis, such as the YEARFRAC function, EDATE function, and DATEDIF function, which can perform more complex calculations and analysis.

Struggling to make sense of Excel formulae? You can find the answers you need here! This article will help you understand and start using formulae like a pro in no time, so you can optimize your efficiency and get a head start this year.

YEAR Function in Excel

In Excel, the YEAR function is a useful tool that allows users to extract and display the year from a given date.

The syntax for the YEAR function is as follows:


The serial_number argument refers to the date from which you want to extract the year. This argument can be entered as a date in the standard Excel format, or as a reference to a cell containing a date.

For example, if cell A1 contains the date “01/01/2022”, the formula =YEAR(A1) will return the year “2022”.

The YEAR function in Excel is often used in conjunction with other functions, such as TODAY and NOW, to perform various tasks. Here are some examples of how the YEAR function can be used:

  • Calculate the age of a person: By subtracting the birth year from the current year, the YEAR function can be used to calculate the age of a person. For example, if cell A1 contains the birthdate “01/01/2000”, the formula =YEAR(TODAY())-YEAR(A1) will return the age of the person.
  • Extract the year from a text string: If a date is stored as text within a cell, the YEAR function can still be used to extract the year. For example, if cell A1 contains the text string “01/01/2022”, the formula =YEAR(DATEVALUE(A1)) will return the year “2022”.
  • Group dates by year: The YEAR function can be used to group a list of dates by year. For example, if a list of dates is stored in cells A1 to A10, the formula =YEAR(A1) can be copied down the column to return the year for each date. The data can then be sorted or filtered by the year column to group the dates by year.

Overall, the YEAR function in Excel is a powerful and versatile tool that can be used to perform a variety of date-related tasks. Understanding how to use this function effectively can improve your productivity and help you make better use of your data.

Explanation of YEAR Function

The YEAR Function in Excel is a powerful tool to extract the year from a given date value. By using ‘YEAR’, you can easily filter and analyze data that has been recorded over a period of time. Simply input the cell containing the date, and YEAR will return the year as an integer.

Exploit this function by utilizing the range of formatting options that Excel offers – such as custom formatting of cells to display dates in various formats. Combine it with other functions like SUMIF, COUNTIF or AVERAGEIF for advanced data analysis.

Be sure to consider varying date formats to avoid any inaccuracies – wrong code usage may result in the output being incorrect, showing up as #VALUE!. Keep in mind that all inputs have to be valid Excel dates within its limits and not text formatted. Improvement prospects can be further enhanced by learning about different arguments that cater more specifications related to dates.

Mastering this formula will help boost productivity and enable effective analysis while saving lots of time.

So jump right into mastering this formula today, and don’t let important insights slip through your fingers!

The Year function in Excel is like a faithful servant who always remembers important dates, even if you don’t.

Examples of YEAR Function in Excel

The YEAR Function in Excel is a powerful tool to extract the year from a given date. Let’s explore some practical ways to use it.

DateYear Extracted

Another way to utilize the YEAR Function in Excel is to combine it with other functions like SUMIF and COUNTIFS. For instance, we can use the formula “=SUMIF(B:B,YEAR(TODAY()),D:D)” to sum values based on the current year, or “=COUNTIFS(C:C,”January”,B:B,YEAR(TODAY()))” to count occurrences of January for the current year.

Pro Tip: Use Ctrl + ; shortcut key to insert today’s date in any cell.

Why worry about your age, when you can just let Excel do the math for you with the YEAR function?

Common Uses of YEAR Function

Master the common uses of YEAR function! Solve your problems with Date Analysis Using YEAR Function and Financial Analysis Using YEAR Function. Do this by reading the section “YEAR: Excel Formulae Explained“.

Date Analysis Using YEAR Function

The YEAR function in Excel plays a pivotal role in analyzing and interpreting data related to specific time periods. With this function, it is possible to extract the year from any given date value and perform different operations using that extracted year.

Below is a practical example of the use of the YEAR function:


By extracting the year value using the YEAR function, we can sort or filter the data based on that particular year and interpret patterns or trends.

Furthermore, by coupling this function with other analytical tools such as PivotTables, we can delve deeper into our data analysis.

One real-life example of how someone could benefit from utilizing the YEAR function is through project management. By scrutinizing completion dates and extracting the year value using this formula, one can determine which projects finish more quickly or see what factors influence completion rates over time. Who needs a crystal ball when you have the YEAR function for financial analysis?

Financial Analysis Using YEAR Function

For financial analysis, the YEAR function comes in handy. It can extract the year from a date so that the user can analyze data per year. With this function, one can easily create reports and charts for yearly trends.

MonthDateYearSales Amount (in USD)

By using the YEAR function to extract years of sales data, it becomes easier to compare year-on-year trends and identify patterns that can help improve strategies.

To maximize the use of the YEAR function in financial analysis, consider manipulating extracted years using other functions like SUMIFS or COUNTIFS to further refine analytical results.

When gathering data from different sources with varying date formats, ensure that all dates follow a uniform format before applying YEAR functions. This simplifies the processing and saves time while preventing errors.

By following these simple tips we shared above when utilizing Excel’s YEAR function for finance analysis, creating well-structured reports and spotting important trends would become more achievable and less tedious.
Get ready to take your Excel game to the next level with these advanced functions related to YEAR – because let’s face it, basic is so last year.

Advanced Excel Functions Related to YEAR

To understand advanced Excel functions for YEAR, check out YEARFRAC Function, EDATE Function and DATEDIF Function. They offer unique solutions. Perfect for those who want to work with years and dates in a more complex or nuanced way.


Calculating the fraction of the year between two dates is a common requirement in data analysis. An Excel formula for this purpose is known as YEARFRAC. It calculates the fractional part of a year between two specified dates, with various options for precisely defining how to count years.

YEARFRAC function is a popular and useful advanced Excel function that can be used to find out the difference in decimal years between two dates. It’s particularly handy when you need to calculate interest earned on investments or duration for project completion.

This function offers some unique options like calculating 30-day months and European time convention which can help you customize your calculations according to your requirements. Use it by specifying start and end dates along with optional parameters such as day count basis, month basis and end-of-month adjustment.

Don’t miss out on using this powerful tool that has endless possibilities for precise date-related calculations. Go ahead and try it today!

Get ready to time travel with Excel’s EDATE function – because who needs a DeLorean when you have a spreadsheet?

EDATE Function

The EDATE formula is used to calculate a date that is a certain number of months away from the start date. It is an important function for businesses that need to project future data in their financial statements.

This advanced Excel function helps to simplify complex calculations by automating the process of adding or subtracting months from a given date. The EDATE formula uses two arguments: the StartDate and the Months. By specifying the number of months and the starting date, this formula quickly calculates the end date.

Additionally, this function can be used to create dynamic reports and forecasting models which are essential for decision making processes in any organization. With its ability to compute dates into future or past with ease, it helps avoid manual errors and saves time.

Get ahead in your profession by mastering these advanced Excel functions like EDATE today, as they are crucial for your professional growth and development in any business setting. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to increase your efficiency and productivity by using these powerful tools.

DATEDIF function: Because counting the days since your last date isn’t creepy if you use Excel.

DATEDIF Function

The DATEDIF formula is a highly useful function in Excel that calculates the difference between two dates. Simply inputting the starting and ending dates and specifying the type of unit for calculation, such as days or months, can quickly derive accurate results.

It should be noted that this formula produces a numeric result only, rather than a date. Date values must be transformed into functions before they can be utilized effectively.

It is worth mentioning that while the DATEDIF is not mentioned outright on newer versions of Excel, it still exists and can be accessed by those who know what to look for. In fact, it is often referred to as one of Excel’s secret formulas due to this fact.

I have seen firsthand how the DATEDIF formula has helped colleagues in creating complex schedules when planning projects with multiple deadlines. This formula provides an efficient method for calculating deadline differences and allows users to plan accordingly.

Five Facts About “YEAR: Excel Formulae Explained”:

  • ✅ “YEAR” is a built-in Excel function used to extract the year from a date. (Source: Microsoft)
  • ✅ The syntax for the “YEAR” function is “YEAR(serial_number)”, where “serial_number” is the date from which to extract the year. (Source: Excel Easy)
  • ✅ The “YEAR” function can also be used with other Excel functions, such as “TODAY” and “NOW”, to calculate the current year. (Source: Ablebits)
  • ✅ The “YEAR” function can be used in combination with other functions to perform complex calculations, such as calculating the number of years between two dates. (Source: Exceljet)
  • ✅ Excel offers many other date and time functions, such as “MONTH”, “DAY”, “HOUR”, and “MINUTE”, which can be used in combination with the “YEAR” function for more advanced calculations. (Source: Tutorialspoint)

FAQs about Year: Excel Formulae Explained

What is YEAR: Excel Formulae Explained?

YEAR: Excel Formulae Explained is a guide to using the YEAR formula in Microsoft Excel. This formula is used to extract the year from a cell containing a date, which can be useful for organizing data or performing calculations based on the year.

How do I use the YEAR formula in Excel?

To use the YEAR formula in Excel, you need to select the cell where you want to display the result, and then enter the formula “=YEAR(cell)” in the formula bar. The cell parameter should be the cell containing the date that you want to extract the year from.

Can I use the YEAR formula with dates in different formats?

Yes, the YEAR formula can extract the year from dates in different formats, such as MM/DD/YYYY or DD/MM/YYYY. However, you need to make sure that the cell containing the date is formatted as a date, otherwise the formula may not work correctly.

What if I want to extract a month or day instead of the year?

If you want to extract the month or day from a date instead of the year, you can use the MONTH or DAY formula instead. These formulas work in the same way as the YEAR formula, but extract the month or day rather than the year.

Can I use the YEAR formula to calculate the age of a person?

Yes, you can use the YEAR formula to calculate the age of a person by subtracting their birth year from the current year. For example, if you have a cell containing a birth date in the format DD/MM/YYYY, you can use the formula “=YEAR(TODAY())-YEAR(cell)”.

Are there any common mistakes to avoid when using the YEAR formula?

One common mistake when using the YEAR formula is forgetting to format the date cell as a date. Another mistake is using the wrong cell reference in the formula, which can result in an incorrect year being extracted. It’s also important to remember that the YEAR formula only extracts the year from a date, so if you need to perform more complex calculations you may need to use other formulas or functions.

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